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FACTBOX-EU planned carbon capture and storage projects

 (Updates with delayed projects, adds detail)
 LONDON, Oct 14 (Reuters) - The world needs to build 100 major projects by
2020 and thousands more by 2050 to help combat climate change, International
Energy Agency chief Nobuo Tanaka said. [ID:nLD718024]
 The European Union has pledged up to 12 demonstration carbon capture and
storage (CCS) plants in operation by 2015 and the technology fully
commercialised by 2020. For a related analysis, click on [ID:nLP101805]
 This month, E.ON AG EONGn.DE postponed an investment decision on a new
coal power plant in Kingsnorth, Britain. [ID:nL7082010] 
 Dong Energy also dropped plans for a coal-fired power station in North
Ayrshire in Scotland which would have been fitted with CCS. [ID:nLC346489]
 CCS traps, transports and buries underground carbon dioxide, the main
greenhouse gas blamed for global warming.
 While it can cut carbon emissions from coal plants by 90 percent, no
commericial-scale project exists anywhere yet to demonstrate the technology,
partly because the up-front capital costs are high.
 Among functioning pilots in Europe are Swedish utility Vattenfall's
[VATN.UL] 30 megawatt (MW) OxyFuel pilot plant in Schwarze Pumpe, Germany.
Doosan Babcock opened its 40 MW OxyFuel test facility in July in Renfrew, near
Glasgow, while E.ON and Siemens SIEGn.DE launched a post-combustion pilot
plant at E.ON's Staudinger power station in Germany in September.
 Carbon dioxide can be captured before or after combustion using a range of
existing and emerging technologies. Following is a list of planned projects in
Europe and planned operation dates.
 
COMPANY/PROJECT NAME     FUEL      PLANT OUTPUT  TECHNOLOGY      OPERATIONAL
Centrica, Teeside, UK    Coal      850 MW        IGCC            Postponed
Dong Energy, Scotland    Coal    1,600 MW        N.A.            Cancelled
Enel, Brindisi, Italy    Coal      660 MW        Retrofit        2012
Enel, Porto Tolle, Italy Coal      250 MW        Post-combustion 2015
Endesa, Leon, Spain      Coal      N.A.          OxyFuel         2015
E.ON, Killingholme, UK   Coal      450 MW        IGCC            Cancelled
E.ON, Kingsnorth, UK     Coal    1,600 MW        Post-combustion Postponed
Fortum, Finland          Coal      565 MW        Retrofit        2015
GE / Polish utility      Coal    1,000 MW        IGCC            N.A
Hypogen/ Dynamis, EU     Coal      N.A           Pre-combustion  2014-2016
Kaarstoe, Norway         Gas       384 MW        IGCC            Stalled
Mongstad, Norway         Gas       280 MW        Post-combustion 2014
Nuon, Eemshaven, Neth.   Various 1,200 MW        IGCC            2013
Peel Energy, Scotland    Coal    1,600 MW        N.A.            2014
Powerfuel, UK            Coal      900 MW        IGCC            2013
Progressive Energy, UK   Coal      450 MW        IGCC            N.A.
RCI consortium, Neth.    Coal    1,100 MW        N.A.            after 2014
RWE, Germany             Coal      450 MW        IGCC            2014
RWE, Tilbury, UK         Coal      N.A.          Post-combustion 2016
RWE, Eemshaven, Neth.    Coal      160 MW        Retrofit        N.A
RWE, Blyth, UK           Coal      N.A.          Retrofit        2014
RWE, south Wales, UK     Coal      N.A.          Post-combustion 2010
ScottishPower, UK        Coal      N.A           Post-combustion 2014
Scottish & Southern, UK  Coal      800 MW        Retrofit        2014
Union Fenosa, Spain      Coal      N.A.          Post-combustion 2017
Vattenfall, Denmark      Coal      N.A.          Post-combustion 2013
Vattenfall, Germany      Coal      N.A.          OxyFuel         2015
Sources include: IEA, CCSA, Reuters data
 (Reporting by Nina Chestney; Additional reporting by Karin Jensen in Denmark;
Editing by Anthony Barker)

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