June 1, 2010 / 2:05 PM / 10 years ago

FACTBOX-Wide differences at U.N. climate talks

BONN, Germany, June 1 (Reuters) - Countries want more time before starting negotiations on a text prepared for U.N. climate talks, which resumed this week, exposing wide differences on aims for 2010.

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The 185-nation Bonn conference, which runs until June 11, is the biggest U.N. climate meeting since a summit last December in Copenhagen failed to agree on a new deal to succeed the Kyoto Protocol after 2012.

Some 120 countries of about 190 involved in the U.N. climate talks did support a Copenhagen accord to mobilise climate aid.

Following are the positions of key negotiating groups and countries, as stated at the Bonn talks on Tuesday. Agreement on a new U.N. deal will require complete consensus.

Crunch issues on the new text included whether to refer to the Copenhagen accord, the ambition of emissions cuts, how to share these between rich and poor states, and whether the world can still agree a binding deal in December in Cancun, Mexico.



The Africa group

* Wants a "binding, inclusive, effective" deal in Cancun

* A new deal should not replace the Kyoto Protocol



AOSIS (alliance of small island states, representing about 40 countries)

* Wants a comprehensive, ambitious, legally binding agreement in Cancun

* Rejects references to the year 2011 in the new text

* Says emission cuts pledged so far would result in a 4 degrees Celsius temperature rise, a "death sentence" for many island states



The Umbrella group (representing the United States, Japan, Russia, Canada, Australia, Ukraine, New Zealand, Kazakhstan, Iceland)

* Wants "real and substantive progress" in Cancun, including on saving forests and climate aid

* Beyond 2010, wants agreement on "a long-term framework for climate change action"

* The new text is a first step but "misses key elements"



G77 and China (comprising most developing countries)

* The new text needs to emphasise more the emissions cuts to be made by developed countries

* The chair of the text, Margaret Mukahanana-Sangarwe of Zimbabwe, should deliver a new document at the June Bonn session



The European Union

* The new text is right to refer to the Copenhagen accord

* Should include emissions reduction targets for individual countries



Bolivia

* The new text should include a target for the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Bolivia proposes 300 parts per million (ppm) compared with about 400 ppm in the air now

* The text should refer to what percentage of national wealth developed countries should allocate for climate action. Bolivia proposed 6 percent of GDP, in line with defence budgets



Tuvalu

* Rejected any reference to the Copenhagen accord, or wording taken from the accord, in the new text

* Said the world was headed for "another flop" in Cancun unless the Umbrella group sharpened its climate ambition



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