WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States urged restraint on Tuesday following a North Korean artillery attack on South Korea and vowed to forge a “measured and unified” response with major powers, including China.
North Korea fired several dozen artillery shells at a South Korean island in one of the heaviest bombardments of the South since the Korean War ended in 1953, sharply increasing tensions on the divided peninsula.
South Korea warned North Korea of “enormous retaliation” if it took more aggressive steps. But the United States, which has about 28,000 troops stationed in South Korea, played down the chances of any immediate U.S. military action to deter the reclusive state.
U.S. President Barack Obama declined to speculate on the possibility of military action but called South Korea “one of our most important allies” in an interview with ABC’s Barbara Walters.
U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates and South Korean Defense Minister Kim Tae-young agreed to coordinate any response to the North Korean action, the Pentagon said, adding that Gates expressed his appreciation for the “restraint shown to date.”
The United States labeled the attack a violation of the armistice agreement that ended the 1950-53 Korean War, as it did North Korea’s March attack on a South Korean warship that killed 46 South Korean sailors.
But State Department spokesman Mark Toner said the United States was seeking a unified diplomatic front with North Korea’s neighbors, including China, Pyongyang’s sole remaining major backer, which has in the past resisted international efforts to get tough with its isolated ally.
“We’re going to take a measured and unified approach,” said Toner, adding, “We’re not going to respond willy nilly.”
Obama said all parties in the region needed to recognize “this is a serious and ongoing threat that needs to be dealt with.
The president said China, North Korea’s only major ally, must communicate to Pyongyang that “there are a set of international rules they must abide by.”
Obama was awoken at 3:55 a.m. for an emergency briefing and was outraged over the strike, the White House said.
“This is just one more provocative incident in a series that we’ve seen over the last several months, and I’m going to be talking to the president of South Korea this evening and we’ll be consulting closely with them in terms of the appropriate response,” Obama said.
Obama met top national security aides, including Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Defense Secretary Robert Gates to discuss the situation.
The South fired back after Tuesday’s attack and sent fighter jets to the area, but no U.S. forces were involved in the South’s response, a U.S. official said.
Global stock markets fell in reaction to the escalating tensions. In the United States, major stock indexes such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell about 1.5 percent, while an investor flight to safety pushed up gold and the U.S. dollar.
ATTACK FOLLOWED NUCLEAR REVELATIONS
The artillery attack posed the second test in three days of Washington’s vow that it will not reward what it deems bad behavior with diplomatic gestures, like resuming aid-for-disarmament talks.
The attack followed revelations over the weekend of a uranium enrichment facility -- a second source of atomic bomb material in Pyongyang’s nuclear program.
In Washington, Republican lawmakers took the lead in calling for a tougher approach to North Korea.
“Two decades worth of attempts to appease this North Korean regime have failed, and further attempts to do so will meet with the same result,” said Senator John McCain, the Republican presidential nominee in 2008, calling on Beijing to “play a more direct and responsible role in changing North Korea’s reckless behavior.”
Analysts said the North may be again pursuing a strategy of calculated provocations to wrest diplomatic and economic concessions from the international community.
Additional reporting by Caren Bohan aboard Air Force One, Alister Bull, Steve Holland, Ross Colvin, Doina Chiacu, JoAnne Allen and Missy Ryan in Washington; Editing by Peter Cooney
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