Euro helped by report China will buy Portugal's debt

LONDON (Reuters) - The euro gained against the dollar and recovered from all-time lows against the Swiss franc on Wednesday, boosted by a news report that China was ready to buy significant amounts of Portuguese sovereign debt.

The Jornal de Negocios daily reported China is looking to buy between 4 billion euros ($5.26 billion) and 5 billion euros of Portuguese sovereign debt to help the country ward off pressure in debt markets, though it gave no details of its sources.

China’s central bank declined to comment on the report which said the deal reached between the two governments will lead to China buying Portuguese debt in auctions or in the secondary markets during the first quarter of 2011.

“This is a small positive for the euro,” said Valentin Marinov, currency strategist at CitiFX.

“The net supply in the first quarter is projected to reach 6 billion euros. If that is confirmed and China is willing to buy 4-5 billion euros it will reduce some of the funding pressures on Portugal.”

The euro was up 0.5 percent against the dollar at $1.3160, having hit a session high of $1.3181 on the news and well above its near three-week trough of $1.3073 set on Tuesday.

Despite the bounce, investors are nervous about the single currency’s prospects given the euro zone’s debt problems.

Latest blows this week to the 16-member club’s struggling, heavily-indebted economies have came from Moody’s, which warned it might cut Portugal’s rating, and Fitch, which said the same about Greece.

“The rating agencies are not saying anything new but the question is how does this market want to take it,” said Geoffrey Yu, currency strategist at UBS. “Clearly these are terrible market conditions and the speed at which the euro is losing ground against the Swiss franc is a bit disconcerting.”

The euro was down 0.1 percent at 1.2525 Swiss francs, having fallen to an all time low of 1.2493 on trading platform EBS. It took out option barriers at 1.2500 francs en-route to a fresh all-time lows, traders said.

It also fared badly against the high-yielding Australian dollar,, falling to a low just under A$1.3100.

With liquidity drying up ahead of the Christmas holiday, Citi’s Marinov expected the euro to underperform against riskier currencies like the Australian dollar and the Scandinavian currencies.


The Australian currency was underpinned by further gains in equities and commodities, suggesting improving risk appetite as analysts revise up forecasts for growth in 2011.

On Tuesday the S&P 500 .SPX finally recovered all the ground lost since the Lehman debacle, while the CRB commodities index .CRB reached a two-year peak.

“In the currency and European bond markets risk aversion is prevailing. But in many other markets we’ve seen risk-taking,” said Tohru Sasaki, chief strategist at JPMorgan Chase Bank.

“This may indicate that the world’s financial markets are becoming bubbly, driven by excess liquidity. Asset prices could rise further if European problems stabilize, which would probably mean a rise in cross/yen as well as a fall in dollar/yen.”

The dollar has fallen almost 10 yen since the end of 2009. On Wednesday it was at 83.47 yen, down 0.3 percent for the day, with a significant drop in U.S. yields in recent session weighing on the pair.

In the near term dealers expect range-bound trade, with one-month implied volatility on dollar/yen falling below 9.5 percent, the lowest since late 2007.

The dollar index .DXY slipped 0.4 percent to 80.42, which marks a gain of more than 3 percent for the year.

The United States is due to release their latest estimates of gross domestic product (GDP) for the third quarter. U.S. growth is expected to be revised up to an annualized 2.8 percent, from 2.5 percent previously.

Additional reporting by Hideyuki Sano in Tokyo; Editing by Patrick Graham