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TEXT - S&P raises Halcon Resources rating to 'B'
December 7, 2012 / 7:41 PM / 5 years ago

TEXT - S&P raises Halcon Resources rating to 'B'


     -- U.S. oil and gas exploration and production company Halcon Resources 
Corp. has completed its transaction to acquire oil and gas producing 
properties in the Williston Basin in North Dakota and Montana targeting the 
Bakken and Three Forks formations. 
     -- We are raising our corporate credit rating on Halcon to 'B' and 
removing it from CreditWatch. 
     -- We are removing the rating from CreditWatch with positive 
implications. The outlook is stable. 
Rating Action
On Dec. 7, 2012, Standard & Poor's Ratings Services raised its corporate 
credit rating on Houston-based Halcon Resources Corp. to 'B' from 'B-' and 
removed the rating from CreditWatch positive where it was placed on Oct. 22. 
The outlook is stable. 

The 'CCC+' issue rating and '6' recovery rating on the company's $1.5 billion 
senior unsecured notes are unchanged. The '6' recovery rating indicates our 
expectation of negligible (0% to 10%) recovery for lenders in the event of a 

The upgrade follows Halcon's completed transaction to acquire Williston Basin 
properties from Petro-Hunt LLC and Pillar Energy LLC in a transaction with a 
substantial equity funding component. The transaction materially increases the 
company's reserves and production in properties contiguous to existing 
operations and lowers debt leverage on a pro forma basis. 

At the close of the acquisitions, Halcon has approximately 115 million barrels 
of oil equivalent (mmboe) of proved reserves and production of approximately 
26,500 barrels of oil equivalent per day (boe/d), which supports the current 
rating. Oil and natural gas liquids account for 79% of reserves and 49% are 
characterized as proved-developed, the lowest-risk category. We view both a 
high liquids proportion and high proved-developed percentage relatively 
favorably, although proved-undeveloped reserves can provide opportunities for 
growth. Historical operating costs (lease operating expense, production taxes, 
and general and administrative costs) are high at about $26 per boe reflecting 
the mature nature of a substantial portion of Halcon's producing assets, which 
require artificial lift to produce. We expect costs to improve to below $20 
per boe as Halcon adds new production, and that internal reserve replacement 
will be adequate as the company develops its extensive acreage holdings. 

Halcon derives about 65% of production from major liquids-rich resource plays 
that offer attractive growth prospects: the Bakken Shale in Montana and North 
Dakota and the Woodbine/Eagle Ford formation in Texas. Properties in the Eagle 
Ford formation will be divested to comply with management's non-compete 
agreement. The remaining portion of production comes from conventional assets 
located mainly in Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. We expect the company to 
focus on optimizing production and reducing costs at these relatively mature 
properties. Halcon holds leases for more than 700,000 net acres, including 
more prospective areas including the Wilcox, Mississippi Lime, and Utica Shale 
formations as well as areas where it has existing proved reserves and 
production. Concerns about the level and source of capital required to develop 
this broad collection of properties are reflected in the ratings on Halcon. 

Financial leverage following the acquisition and equity issued to fund a 
portion of the purchase price is approximately 4.7x debt to EBITDA, which we 
view as acceptable for a 'B' rating. We annualize pro forma EBITDA for the 
first half of 2012 for this calculation. We expect leverage to decline to 
below 4.0x debt to EBITDA in 2013 as improved cash flow, caused by higher 
liquids production, more than offsets higher debt. Halcon plans to hedge a 
significant portion of its expected production, providing a measure of cash 
flow protection.

We estimate that the company will need $900 million of external funding 
(inclusive of borrowings under its credit facility) in 2013 to fund growth 
plans. We think Halcon will generate modest funds from operations (FFO) in 
2012 at our current price deck (which for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) oil is 
$85 for the remainder of 2012, $80 in 2013, and $75 in 2014 and 
thereafter--and for natural gas is $2.50 for the remainder of 2012, $3.00 in 
2013, and $3.50 in 2014 and thereafter). Cash flow will likely benefit from 
increased production and cost reduction in 2013, but we expect capital 
spending to exceed internally generated cash flow again by a wide margin. We 
anticipate that following the transaction Halcon has no borrowings under its 
$1.5 billion credit facility with an $850 million borrowing base. 

We characterize Halcon's liquidity as "less than adequate". Our assessment 
incorporates the following expectations and assumptions:

     -- We project that 2012 FFO will approximate $60 million;
     -- The company's capital budget for the year is $1.1 billion. We expect 
that the 2013 budget will be meaningfully higher in the context of a larger 
asset base.
     -- The company's undrawn credit facility has an $850 million borrowing 
     -- We project that Halcon will need approximately $900 million of 
external capital, inclusive of credit facility borrowings, to fund its 
spending plans in 2013, which exceeds the current borrowing base. 
     -- We expect the company to use some combination of asset sales, equity, 
and debt issuance to fund its capital needs while maintaining liquidity. 
     -- However, the execution risk associated with this assumption is a 
significant factor in the rating. 
     -- We view management's track record of building E&P companies as 
favorable for Halcon's ability to attract funding. 

Recovery analysis
The ratings on the company's senior unsecured notes are rated 'CCC+' (two 
notches below the corporate rating) and the recovery is '6', indicating our 
expectations of negligible (0% to 10%) recovery for bondholders in the event 
of a payment default. The ratings on the notes reflect the size of the 
borrowing base and our assessment of the company's corporate credit rating 
following the acquisition. For the full recovery analysis, please see the 
recovery report on Halcon published on RatingsDirect on Oct. 25, 2012. 

The stable outlook reflects our expectation that Halcon will manage its 
ambitious cost reduction and production growth targets while maintaining 
projected leverage under 5x debt to EBITDA and improving liquidity. Meeting 
financial goals while funding an aggressive capital spending program require 
that Halcon obtain significant external funding. We would consider a positive 
rating action if Halcon achieves its growth objectives while managing debt to 
EBITDA in the area of 4x or lower, improving liquidity and managing capital 
spending closer to internally generated cash flow. We would consider a 
negative rating action if the company faces material liquidity issues that 
limit its access to capital to fund its growth or if debt to EBITDA exceeds 5x 
without a clear path to improvement.

Related Criteria And Research
     -- Standard & Poor's Raises Its U.S. Natural Gas Price Assumptions; Oil 
Price Assumptions Are Unchanged, July 24, 2012
     -- Key Credit Factors: Global Criteria For Rating The Oil And Gas 
Exploration And Production Industry, Jan. 20, 2012
     -- Criteria Guidelines For Recovery Ratings, Aug. 10, 2009
     -- 2008 Corporate Criteria: Analytical Methodology, April 15, 2008

Temporary contact information: Ben Tsocanos, New York (1) 212-438-5014 
(203-800-5146); Christine Besset (214-765-5865)

Ratings List
Upgraded; Off CreditWatch; Outlook Stable
                                        To                 From
Halcon Resources Corp.
 Corporate Credit Rating                B/Stable/--        B-/Watch Pos/--

Ratings Affirmed

Halcon Resources Corp.
 Senior Unsecured                       CCC+               
   Recovery Rating                      6

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