April 12, 2012 / 9:40 PM / 6 years ago

TEXT-S&P assigns Heckmann Corp 'B+' rating

April 12 - Overview	
     -- Heckmann Corp. has completed its $250 million issuance of senior	
unsecured notes and raised $80 million in equity. 	
     -- Heckmann used proceeds from the notes to refinance its secured credit 	
facility and acquire oil recycler Thermo Fluids Inc.	
     -- We assigned our 'B+' corporate credit rating to Heckmann and our 'B-' 	
issue rating and '6' recovery rating to the notes.	
     -- The stable outlook reflects our expectation of increasing sales and 	
profitability in a growing market, offset by negative cash flow because of 	
high discretionary capital expenditures.	
Rating Action	
On April 12, 2012, Standard & Poor's Ratings Services assigned its 'B+' 	
corporate credit rating to Coraopolis, Pa.-based Heckmann Corp., a provider of 	
environmental services including water transportation for hydraulic fracturing 	
oil and gas projects and oil recycling services. The outlook is stable.	
At the same time, we assigned our 'B-' issue-level and '6' recovery ratings to 	
the company's $250 million senior unsecured notes. The '6' recovery rating 	
indicates our expectation for a negligible (0% to 10%) recovery for lenders in 	
the event of a payment default. The company used the note proceeds--along with 	
$80 million from an equity issuance, $17.5 million of equity held in escrow, 	
and $63 million of existing cash--to refinance its secured credit facilities 	
and to acquire Scottsdale, Ariz.-based oil recycler Thermo Fluids Inc. (TFI; 	
unrated), a provider of used oil recycling services in the Western U.S. 	
Proceeds were also used to pay for transaction fees and expenses and other 	
general corporate purposes.	
The ratings on Heckmann reflect the company's "weak" business risk profile and 	
"aggressive" financial risk profile. Heckmann transports and disposes of water 	
used in the hydraulic fracturing (fracking) process of oil and gas exploration 	
in shale regions. Pro forma for the TFI acquisition, we expect the company's 	
traditional water-related businesses (Heckmann Water Resources, or HWR) to 	
account for 58% of revenues and the acquired oil-related businesses to account 	
for 42%. The company's operations are subject to the supplies and pricing of 	
oil and gas, since adverse commodity price movements may impact the future 	
development and growth rates of shale fracking. The company has grown 	
significantly during the past three years, increasing sales to $157 million in 	
2011 from less than $4 million in 2009. We expect sales to hit $380 million in 	
2012. Heckmann was founded in 2007 to make investments in various businesses. 	
Despite favorable credit measures at the outset, we expect the company to 	
continue to make tuck-in acquisitions from time to time, many of which may 	
require debt financing.	
The company acquired TFI for $245 million, with $227.5 million of the purchase 	
price in the form of cash consideration and $17.5 million as equity issued to 	
the former owners of TFI, which include equity sponsor CIVC Partners.	
TFI is one of the larger oil recyclers in the U.S., with services in 18 	
states, predominantly in the Western U.S., and over 40% of revenues split 	
evenly between the Mountain and South Central states. The company collects 	
used motor oil, which it recycles and reprocesses into reprocessed fuel oil. 	
Heckmann expects TFI to generate $105 million to $115 million in revenue from 	
April through December 2012. We do not expect significant synergies from the 	
transaction, since TFI's 290 trucks are specialized and are not likely to be 	
able to be used in Heckmann's core business of frack water transport and 	
We also believe the acquisition increases the company's exposure to oil price 	
movements. However, despite the lack of synergies and TFI's exposure to oil 	
price movements, we believe the acquisition also increases Heckmann's service 	
diversity and revenue stability. Its operating results could benefit from the 	
TFI acquisition if oil prices remain high while natural gas prices remain low. 	
We also believe that the business mix will benefit from the steadier, slower 	
growth of its oil recycling business compared with its frack water transport 	
and disposal segment, which lacks a proven track record. Yet, despite 	
relatively slower growth, TFI's profitability is very good, with EBITDA 	
margins of 27% in 2011.	
We believe Heckmann's traditional HWR business benefits from a good market 	
position because the company has a large asset base in the specialized field 	
of frack water disposal with more than 635 trucks in service and more than 	
1,100 frack tanks that are available for its customers to lease. A key feature 	
highlighting the company's competitive position is its underground pipelines 	
around Haynesville, La., one of which is a PVC pipeline spanning 40 miles to 	
provide fresh water used in the fracking process and another is a fiberglass 	
pipeline that stretches for 50 miles to dispose of the produced water into its 	
network of 21 salt water disposal (SWD) wells in the region. The company also 	
has five SWD wells near Eagle Ford, Texas, and two SWD wells around the 	
Tuscaloosa Marine Shale area in Louisiana and Mississippi, with a handful of 	
SWD permits in other regions.	
The company's main operating regions are in the Marcellus/Utica region in 	
Western Pennsylvania and Northeast Ohio, and the Haynesville area in East 	
Texas and Louisiana. The company also has operations in other shale plays 	
including Eagle Ford, Tuscaloosa, and the Permian basin and Barnett regions in 	
Texas. With persistently low natural gas prices, profitability in the dry gas 	
Haynesville region declined and the company mobilized resources away from that 	
area in fourth-quarter 2011 and continued to move into more-profitable oil and 	
wet gas-producing regions in Eagle Ford and Marcellus. Despite incurring $4 	
million of charges in connection with this redeployment, profitability remains 	
good, with EBITDA margins of 18% for the year ended Dec. 31, 2011.	
Our 2012 performance expectations for Heckmann include:	
     -- Sales growth of 142%, reflecting its proposed acquisition of TFI., the 	
full-year effect of acquisitions made in 2011 and 2012, as well as organic 	
growth arising from relocation and expansion into faster growing liquids and 	
oil rich shale regions, partially offset by contraction in the lower-growth 	
dry gas Haynesville region;	
     -- Consolidated EBITDA margins of 25%, largely on the factors listed 	
above; and	
     -- Adjusted EBITDA of $96 million--within the company's stated guidance 	
of $95 million to $105 million.	
We characterize Heckmann's financial risk profile as "aggressive." Despite its 	
public ownership, Heckmann is still a relatively new and growing company 	
without an established track record of prudent financial policies. Because the 	
fracking industry is in a high-growth stage, the company has had to fund large 	
capital expenditures to build the infrastructure necessary to capitalize on 	
this trend. We still anticipate high capital expenditures during the next 	
year, though these expenditures are largely discretionary as opposed to 	
mandatory, and should ease over time. 	
In addition, we expect the company to engage in tuck-in acquisitions from time 	
to time, which could involve additional borrowings. For the current rating, we 	
expect funds from operations (FFO) to debt of roughly 20%. As of Dec. 31, 	
2011, the pro forma amount (excluding the full-year impact of acquisitions) 	
was 16%. However, when incorporating the full-year effect of Heckmann's 	
acquisitions in 2011 and 2012, along with the combined company's organic 	
growth prospects, we expect this figure to increase to the target expected for 	
the rating. Heckmann does not have any environmental liabilities and indicates 	
that the produced water it transports and disposes of is exempt from the U.S. 	
Clean Water Act. Heckmann owns and operates 25 SWD wells, which are not 	
required to be capped. As such, the company carries no asset retirement 	
obligations on its financial statements.	
We view Heckmann's liquidity as "adequate." We expect the company to have 	
sufficient availability under the unrated $150 million revolving credit 	
facility due 2017, given no borrowings under the facility at the outset. The 	
facility includes a $10 million sublimit for letters of credit. Financial 	
covenants at the outset include a minimum interest coverage ratio of 2.75x, a 	
maximum senior leverage ratio of 2.50x, and a maximum total leverage ratio of 	
4.50x. The total leverage ratio is not applicable until the quarter ended 	
Sept. 30, 2012. Based on our scenario forecasts, we expect the company to be 	
able to maintain sufficient headroom over the next year.	
Our liquidity assessment incorporates the following assumptions and 	
     -- We anticipate $15 million to $20 million of revolver usage for working 	
capital needs, with most of the usage occurring in the summer because of 	
seasonality in the water transportation and oil recycling businesses;	
     -- High capital expenditures of more than $90 million in 2012, roughly 	
80% for growth-related capital spending and about 20% for maintenance;	
     -- We expect sources of liquidity to exceed uses by 1.2x over the next 12 	
     -- We expect that net sources would be positive, even with a 20% drop in 	
EBITDA; and	
     -- Debt maturities are benign, with the earliest meaningful maturity in 	
Recovery analysis	
For the complete recovery analysis, see our recovery report on Heckmann, 	
published on RatingsDirect.	
The stable outlook reflects our expectation that hydraulic fracturing activity 	
will remain favorable to support solid sales and profitability over the next 	
couple of years, while reductions in discretionary capital spending will 	
improve the company's free cash flow generation. Our base case assumes that, 	
over the next year, Heckmann will be able to maintain adjusted EBITDA margins 	
of about 25%, with FFO to debt of 25% as well.	
We could lower the ratings if downside risks to our forecast were to 	
materialize, such as greater-than-expected debt incurrence to fund 	
acquisitions, unfavorable economic trends that reduce the profitability of 	
hydraulic fracturing, environmental-related regulations that curtail drilling 	
activity and investments, a disruption in water pipelines, other operating 	
problems that could constrain liquidity, or significant debt incurrence to 	
fund a shareholder distribution. Based on our scenario forecasts, we could 	
take a negative rating action if the company's sales growth in 2012 were to 	
fail to meet expectations and its EBITDA margins decreased to 21%. If this 	
were to happen, Heckmann's FFO to total adjusted debt would likely fall to 	
about 15%.	
We could raise the ratings modestly within the next 12 months if the company 	
establishes and maintains a track record of reliable operating performance and 	
its business prospects remain robust. Although the hydraulic fracturing 	
industry appears to be strong at present, changes in oil and gas prices could 	
affect profitability in certain regions, forcing some service providers to 	
incur unexpected costs as they move manpower and equipment to other regions. 	
Another important factor in our consideration of a higher rating is whether 	
Heckmann maintains adequate liquidity levels despite high capital spending and 	
seasonal working capital-related borrowings.	
Related Criteria And Research	
     -- Heckmann Corp. Assigned Preliminary 'B+' Rating, Debt Assigned 	
Preliminary 'B-' Ratings; The Outlook Is Stable, March 27, 2012	
     -- Criteria Methodology: Business Risk/Financial Risk Matrix Expanded, 	
May 27, 2009	
Ratings List	
New Rating; Outlook Action	
Heckmann Corp.	
 Corporate Credit Rating                B+/Stable/--       	
 Senior Unsecured	
  US$250 mil  9.875% sr nts due         B- 	
   Recovery Rating                      6                  	
Complete ratings information is available to subscribers of RatingsDirect on 	
the Global Credit Portal at www.globalcreditportal.com. All ratings affected 	
by this rating action can be found on Standard & Poor's public Web site at 	
www.standardandpoors.com. Use the Ratings search box located in the left 	
0 : 0
  • narrow-browser-and-phone
  • medium-browser-and-portrait-tablet
  • landscape-tablet
  • medium-wide-browser
  • wide-browser-and-larger
  • medium-browser-and-landscape-tablet
  • medium-wide-browser-and-larger
  • above-phone
  • portrait-tablet-and-above
  • above-portrait-tablet
  • landscape-tablet-and-above
  • landscape-tablet-and-medium-wide-browser
  • portrait-tablet-and-below
  • landscape-tablet-and-below