October 5, 2012 / 7:30 PM / in 5 years

TEXT-S&P raises Spirit Realty rating to 'B'

     -- Spirit Realty Capital Inc. recently completed an IPO of common
     -- Spirit used proceeds from the IPO to repay a portion of its 
outstanding term loan and extinguished the remainder of the term loan through 
a conversion into common shares.
     -- As a result of these transactions, we are raising the corporate credit 
rating on Spirit to 'B' from 'CCC+' and withdrawing our ratings on the 
company's term loan (a '4' recovery rating and 'CCC+' senior secured rating).
Rating Action
On Oct. 5, 2012, Standard & Poor's Ratings Services raised its corporate 
credit rating on Spirit Realty Capital Inc. (Spirit) to 'B' from 'CCC+' and 
revised our outlook on the company to stable from developing. We also withdrew 
our rating on the company's senior secured term loan after the company repaid 
and extinguished it.
The upgrade reflects Spirit Realty Capital Inc.'s successful completion of an 
initial public offering (IPO) of its common stock, which raised $465 million 
of net proceeds. The company also completed related contingent deleveraging 
transactions, as it detailed in S-11 filings. Specifically, Spirit retired a 
$729 million term loan outstanding that was due to mature in August 2013. The 
term loan consisted of two tranches: term loan B ($399 million), which Spirit 
repaid with IPO proceeds, and term loan C ($330 million), which Spirit 
extinguished and converted into shares of its common stock. The IPO reduced 
leverage; however, low debt coverage metrics contribute to our view of the 
company's financial risk profile as "aggressive." We consider the company's 
liquidity "adequate", despite a high dividend payout ratio, as liquidity is 
bolstered with the addition of access to a revolving credit facility ($100 
million). While we expect continued stability in portfolio occupancy, rents, 
and cash flows, tenant concentration is high. Should a large tenant default, 
the impact to Spirit's cash flow could be severe. As a result, we continue to 
consider Spirit's business profile "weak."

Spirit is a publicly traded REIT that focuses on the ownership of 
triple-net-leased retail properties under long-term leases (average remaining 
lease term 11.4 years). Spirit's balance sheet included $3.6 billion in gross 
investments in real estate and loans at June 30, 2012, and its debt totaled 
$1.9 billion after the term loan repayment/conversion (all of which is 
secured). The company owned or financed 1,183 properties (1,096 owned) in 47 
states. Spirit leases the properties in its owned portfolio to approximately 
165 tenants in 18 different industry sectors, including general, specialty and 
discount retail; movie theaters; automotive dealers; educational and 
recreational facilities; supermarkets, and restaurants. 

Portfolio occupancy remained high at 98.2% as of June 30, 2012, partly 
reflecting the company's strategy of selling or re-leasing properties that 
become vacant. However, Spirit's tenant base is highly concentrated. Following 
the February 2012 merger between ShopKo Stores Operating Co. LLC (not rated) 
and Pamida Stores Operating Co. LLC (not rated), the combined company 
constitutes 30.2% of Spirit's revenues. Property-level rent coverage for the 
Shopko/Pamida stores in Spirit's portfolio was over 2x at June 30, somewhat 
mitigating the concentration risk. 

Pro forma for the IPO, we believe that Spirit's debt service coverage improves 
to the mid-1x area and leverage declines to roughly 60% on a book basis, but 
dividend coverage has little downside cushion. Under our base-case scenario, 
we assume that modest contractual rent increases offset potential rental 
losses due to stress among a few of the company's smaller tenants. We also 
assume the company reduces leverage modestly over time by meeting regularly 
scheduled principal amortization of its secured debt through operating cash 

We consider the company's liquidity as "adequate." 

Our liquidity assessment reflects the following factors and assumptions:
     -- We expect the company's liquidity sources through October 2013 to be 
more than 1.2x its uses, even if EBITDA were to decline by 15%. 
     -- Spirit faces $29 million of consolidated debt payments as of June 30, 
2012 (including principal amortization and balloon payments at maturity) for 
the remainder of 2012 and roughly $48 million for the full year 2013.
     -- Spirit also faces roughly $106 million of annual common dividends and 
modest (less than $10 million) portfolio related capital expenses.

We expect Spirit will fund these obligations with cash on hand ($104 million 
at June 30, 2012, pro forma for the IPO), operating cash flow of roughly $125 
million for the next four quarters, and its new secured revolving credit 
facility ($100 million, due Sept. 25, 2015, and subject to a one-year 
extension at the company's option). One of the covenants governing Spirit's 
revolving credit facility requires the company to maintain a minimum 
unencumbered asset base of 1.75x outstanding commitments.
The outlook is stable. The company materially reduced balance-sheet leverage 
through a recent IPO and related term loan repayment/conversion transaction. 
Despite our expectation for stability in portfolio occupancy, rents, and cash 
flows over the next 12 months, the timeframe of our outlook, we would likely 
lower the rating if the company's liquidity becomes constrained or debt 
coverage measures deteriorate, perhaps due to tenant challenges. The high 
dividend payout ratio and highly concentrated tenant base contribute to our 
view that an additional upgrade is unlikely in the next year.

Related Criteria And Research
     -- Issuer Ranking: North American REITs, Strongest To Weakest, July 26, 
     -- Takeaways From The 2012 ICSC Convention: The Mood Among Retail 
Landlords Is Cautiously Optimistic, June 14, 2012
     -- Industry Report Card: Improvements In Operating Fundamentals Bode Well 
For North American REITs, May 4, 2012
     -- General Criteria: Methodology And Assumptions: Liquidity Descriptors 
For Global Corporate Issuers, Sept. 28, 2011
     -- Key Credit Factors: Global Criteria For Rating Real Estate Companies, 
June 21, 2011
Ratings List
Ratings Raised; Outlook Revised

                              To             From
Spirit Realty Capital Inc.    B/Stable/--    CCC+/Developing/--

Ratings Withdrawn

Spirit Realty Capital Inc.
 Senior Secured               NR           CCC+
 Recovery Rating              NR           4

Complete ratings information is available to subscribers of RatingsDirect on 
the Global Credit Portal at www.globalcreditportal.com. All ratings affected 
by this rating action can be found on Standard & Poor's public Web site at 
www.standardandpoors.com. Use the Ratings search box located in the left 

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