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TEXT - Fitch rates Hawaii's $800 mln GOs 'AA'
November 8, 2012 / 4:41 PM / 5 years ago

TEXT - Fitch rates Hawaii's $800 mln GOs 'AA'

Nov 8 - Fitch Ratings has assigned an 'AA' rating to the following State of
Hawaii general obligation (GO) bonds: 

--$374 million GO bonds of 2012, series EE;
--$400 million GO refunding bonds of 2012, series EF;
--$26 million Taxable GO bonds of 2012, series EG.

The bonds are scheduled to price through negotiation the week of Nov. 12, 2012.

In addition, Fitch affirms the 'AA' rating on approximately $5 billion of 
outstanding state GO bonds. 

The Rating Outlook is Stable. 

KEY RATING DRIVERS

SOUND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT: The state employs quarterly revenue forecasting and 
long-term planning, and has shown a commitment to restoring budget balance when 
revenues underperform. 

ECONOMIC CONCENTRATION IN TOURISM AND DEFENSE: Hawaii's extensive tourist 
infrastructure underpins an economy dominated by tourism, and there is also a 
large federal military presence.  The state's geographic location somewhat 
limits economic diversification efforts.

ELEVATED DEBT BURDEN: Hawaii's debt levels are high for a U.S. state government,
and Fitch expects them to remain so. This largely reflects the state's 
responsibility for many functions handled by local governments in other states, 
particularly K-12 education.  

HIGH LONG-TERM LIABILITY LEVELS: Pension funding levels are weak, and the 
unfunded liability as a percentage of personal income is at the highest end of 
states rated by Fitch. Other post-employment benefit obligations (OPEB) are also
significant.

SECURITY 

General obligations of the state of Hawaii that carry the full faith and credit 
pledge of the state. 

CREDIT PROFILE

The state of Hawaii's 'AA' GO rating reflects the state's sound financial 
management practices, its highly developed and resilient tourism-heavy economy, 
high debt levels, and a large long-term liability burden. Following significant 
revenue declines in the recession, which resulted in the drawdown of previously 
large reserves despite extensive budget balancing action, solid economic and 
revenue recovery and continued prudent budget management have stabilized 
Hawaii's financial position.  The state has begun to rebuild its fund balance to
provide a cushion against unforeseen events. Although debt and other long-term 
liabilities are likely to remain well above average for a U.S. state, Hawaii has
demonstrated its ability to manage these costs.

FINANCES

Prior to the recession, the combined general fund and Emergency and Budget 
Reserve Fund (EBRF) balances peaked at $786 million, or 16% of total general 
fund resources, in fiscal 2006, with the EBRF accounting for $54 million of the 
total and the rest fund balance. As tax revenue growth slowed in fiscal years 
2007 and 2008, and declined by almost 10% in fiscal 2009, balances were drawn 
down.  The state closed the fiscal year with a negative ending balance of $36.8 
million after accounting for an overstatement of certain tax revenues, though 
$60.4 million remained in the EBRF.

 

The fiscal plan for the fiscal 2010-2011 biennium was initially balanced through
a mix of tax increases, spending reductions, modest debt restructuring, the 
application of federal stimulus monies, and employee furloughs. Projected 
revenues were revised downward several times over the course of the biennium, 
and despite delaying the payment of income tax refunds to be paid in fiscal 2010
into fiscal 2011 and a draw from the separate Hurricane Relief Fund (HRF) which 
had been funded at approximately $180 million, the state again ended fiscal 2010
in a slightly negative position ($22.2 million), offset by monies in the EBRF 
and remaining HRF funds. 

Continuing revenue weakness in fiscal 2011 resulted in a projected $220 million 
shortfall following an off-cycle meeting of the state's council on revenues in 
late March 2011, prompted largely by the Japanese earthquake and tsunami. The 
state planned to maintain balance through spending cuts, fund transfers, and the
drawdown of remaining balances in the HRF and EBRF. Ultimately, revenue 
performance for fiscal 2011 was above those projections. Combined with the 
effects of lapsed spending, full draws on the reserve balances were not 
necessary. Fiscal 2011 ended with a general fund balance of $126 million, 2.5% 
of fiscal 2011 resources. An additional $30 million in available balances 
remained between the HRF and EBRF at the close of the fiscal year.

Hawaii's budget for the current fiscal 2012 - 2013 biennium addressed a 
projected gap of more than $1 billion. The gap was closed through a mix of 
spending reductions, savings resulting from labor concessions, and temporary 
revenue measures. Fiscal 2012 is projected to have ended on June 30 with a 
balance of $275 million (almost 5% of resources) and another $46 million in the 
combined reserves. Fiscal 2013 is forecast to increase the ending fund balance 
to $348 million, with growth of 4.9% in overall general fund tax revenues and 
8.1% in the general excise tax that represents about 55% of that total.  

ECONOMY

Hawaii's economy is dominated by tourism and government, with a significant 
federal military presence. The tourist industry relies heavily on California and
Japan, although increased visitation from other countries, most recently Korea 
and Australia, has provided diversification. The state is focused on increasing 
the diversification of its visitor base.  

Following a sharp drop in 2001, the tourism sector saw strong growth that began 
in 2004 and continued to a record high in 2007. The industry saw significant 
declines in the recession, but has recovered strongly since 2010 to reach 
projected new highs in 2012. The state is currently projecting continued 
recovery at a slower pace in the next few years.  

Although a large military presence makes Hawaii vulnerable to federal deficit 
reduction, the state has benefitted from military consolidations and serves a 
strategic role that should somewhat limit downside risk. Fitch will closely 
monitor federal budget decisions as they develop for the potential impact on 
Hawaii.

Following several years of strong gains, employment in the recession generally 
mirrored the national experience, with a decline of 6.1% between 2007 and 2010. 
The state and country added jobs at a similar pace in 2011, and gains in Hawaii 
have accelerated in 2012, with year-over-year growth of 2.1% in September 
exceeding 1.4% for the nation. Leisure and hospitality employment was up 5.1% 
over September 2011 levels. Although tourism as a percentage of total employment
remains well above the national average, Hawaii's employment in the service 
sectors is relatively near national levels. 

Hawaii's unemployment rate has been consistently below that of the nation since 
2001. Unemployment for September 2012 was 5.7%, well below the U.S. rate of 7.8%
for the month.

Personal income growth has outpaced the nation for most of the last decade, and 
2011 per capita personal income equals 103% of the U.S. level. Hawaii ranks 18th
among the states by this measure. 

DEBT AND OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

Hawaii's government is highly centralized, and the state is responsible for many
functions, such as K-12 education, normally handled at the local level. Largely 
as a result of this structure, debt is high for a U.S. state and expected to 
remain so. As of July 1, 2012, net tax-supported debt totaled approximately $5.5
billion, which equates to 9.4% of 2011 personal income. Principal is retired at 
a rapid pace, with 66% repaid in 10 years. The vast majority of the state's debt
is in the form of general obligation bonds.

Despite a history of funding an actuarially calculated annual required 
contribution, funding levels for Hawaii's pension system remain weak.  Using 
Fitch's 7% discount rate assumption rather than the 7.75% used by the system, 
the statewide employees retirement plan is 55% funded. Fitch notes that the 
state has passed legislative changes, including changes to the benefit structure
and increased employee contributions that are designed to limit the growth in 
pension liabilities.  

On a combined basis, the burden of net tax-supported debt and adjusted unfunded 
pension obligations in Hawaii is almost four times the median for states rated 
by Fitch. The state's OPEB obligations are also large, and the state has 
indicated its intent to undertake reform efforts in this area in the near term.

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