November 9, 2012 / 10:25 PM / in 5 years

TEXT-S&P revises Ainsworth Lumber outlook to stable

     -- We are revising our outlook on Ainsworth Lumber Co. Ltd. to
stable from negative based on the company's comprehensive refinancing
transaction plan aimed at improving its capital structure.
     -- At the same time, we are affirming our ratings on Ainsworth, including 
our 'B-' long-term corporate credit rating on the company.
     -- In addition, we are assigning our 'B' issue-level rating and a '2' 
recovery rating to the company's proposed US$350 million senior secured notes. 
We understand that the proceeds from the proposed debt, in conjunction with 
funds raised through an equity rights offering, will be used to repay current 
and outstanding term loan and senior unsecured notes.

Rating Action
On Nov. 9, 2012, Standard & Poor's Ratings Services revised its outlook on 
Vancouver-based Ainsworth Lumber Co. Ltd. to stable from negative. At the same 
time, Standard & Poor's affirmed its ratings on Ainsworth, including its 'B-' 
long-term corporate credit rating on the company.

Standard & Poor's also assigned its 'B' issue-level rating and '2' recovery 
rating to Ainsworth's proposed US$350 million senior secured notes. A '2' 
recovery rating reflects our expectation of substantial (70%-90%) recovery in 
a default scenario. 

We base our outlook revision on what we consider a credit positive 
deleveraging transaction that will result in an improved capital structure. In 
particular, the comprehensive refinancing transaction highlights that the 
proceeds from the proposed debt, in conjunction with funds raised through an 
equity rights offering, will be used to repay Ainsworth's current and 
outstanding term loan and senior unsecured notes.

The ratings on Ainsworth reflect what Standard & Poor's views as the company's 
vulnerable business risk profile and highly leveraged financial risk profile. 
In our view, credit risks include the company's exposure to cyclical housing 
construction markets and to volatile commodity oriented strandboard (OSB) 
prices, limited asset and product diversification, and a highly leveraged 
capital structure. We believe these risks are partially mitigated by the 
company's low-cost position stemming from efficient Canadian assets, higher 
revenues generated through value-added products, and what we consider strong 
liquidity to weather weak industry conditions.

Ainsworth is a leading OSB producer in North America, with total annual 
operating capacity of about 2.5 billion square feet of OSB at its four mills 
in Canada, although production at its High Level, Alta., mill has been 
curtailed since 2007.

We consider Ainsworth's business risk profile vulnerable because the company 
sells commodity OSB into the cyclical U.S. housing construction market. The 
three Canadian mills currently operating are running at full capacity. 
Although the company has been substituting shipments to Asian markets (mostly 
Japan) away from North America, and introducing value-added products, for the 
most part it sells commodity product, with the U.S. housing construction 
market representing just under 60% of its revenues. In our view, the long-term 
fundamentals for North American housing construction are favorable, and we've 
observed a significant rebound in housing starts through 2012. Standard & 
Poor's expects U.S. housing starts to rise 23% in the near term to about 
750,000 starts in 2012; increasing further to 950,000 starts in 2013. While 
these estimates are significantly below historical averages of approximately 
1.5 million starts annually, the near-term increases have boosted demand in an 
otherwise balanced market. While about 40% of OSB industry capacity remains 
curtailed, we believe there is considerable flex capacity in the industry. We 
expect this flex capacity to come online in the medium term (ramp-up periods 
are typically six to 12 months) and keep prices from moving up appreciably. In 
the meantime, we expect OSB prices to remain elevated creating very favorable 
operating environments for producers.

Standard & Poor's considers Ainsworth's three operating mills to be in the 
lower end of the industry cost curve. Their facilities have flexible mill 
technology and have sufficient fiber supply through long-term licenses. 
Furthermore, the company has more than 860 million square feet of incremental 
capacity that could be brought online when demand does rebound. This excludes 
620 million square feet of capacity at Grande Prairie, Alta., which would 
require a year to complete and about C$100 million-C$120 million in cash costs 
and additional fiber sources. We don't expect management to go ahead with the 
completion of Grande Prairie's second line in the near term; the restart at 
the company's High Level, Alta., mill is more likely.

Standard & Poor's considers the company's financial risk profile highly 
leveraged. We view the refinancing plan as a credit positive transaction, as 
it will result in a reduction of total debt outstanding as well as the 
elimination of payment-in-kind (PIK) interest.  Ainsworth's adjusted total 
debt at Sept. 30, 2012, is C$533 million; underfunded pension obligations, 
operating lease adjustments, and asset retirement obligations total C$14.4 
million. Pro forma for the comprehensive refinancing plan, our model includes 
the following assumptions:
     -- Current and outstanding term loan and senior unsecured notes 
(including accrued interest) are repaid in full in 2012;
     -- US$350 million in proposed senior secured notes issued in 2012;
     -- C$175 million in equity raised in 2012 through a backstopped rights 
     -- Sales in 2012 to increase 34% and remain flat in 2013 and 2014;
     -- EBITDA margins to average 23% for the next two years; and
     -- Capital expenditures of C$10 million per year.

Based on our forecasts, we expect adjusted debt-to-EBITDA to decline from its 
current level of 7.9x, to 4.0x by year-end. The repayment of current senior 
unsecured notes will result in the elimination of PIK interest debt, and so 
our model forecasts relatively stable and unchanged debt. Ainsworth's earnings 
are highly sensitive to changes in commodity OSB prices; our model predicts a 
C$10 per thousand-square-foot increase (or decrease) in OSB results in a C$17 
million increase (or decrease) to EBITDA. We expect cash flow protection 
levels, as measured by funds from operations to debt, to increase to the 
low-teens by year-end.

Ainsworth has adequate liquidity in our view. The company has cash on hand and 
short-term investments of C$92 million available for use. In addition, we've 
assumed the company secures an asset-based loan (ABL) credit facility in the 
near future as part of its comprehensive refinancing transaction. Our opinion 
on Ainsworth's liquidity would not be affected if an ABL agreement is not 
signed. In our forecasts, we expect:
     -- A liquidity sources-to-uses ratio greater than 1.2x for the next three 
years; and
     -- Liquidity sources are greater than uses when a 30% haircut is applied 
to EBITDA in each of the next two years.

Subsequent to the refinancing plan, Ainsworth's debt maturity profile is 
favorable, with no major debt due before 2017. Capital expenditures are 
minimal, at about C$10 million annually, and working capital peaks at about 
C$15 million in first quarter when inventory build occurs. Ainsworth's 
proposed senior secured notes have no financial covenants; the ABL will likely 
have a spring-forward covenant not applicable at close.

Recovery analysis
For the complete recovery analysis, see the recovery report on Ainsworth to be 
published on RatingsDirect on the Global Credit Portal following this report.

The stable outlook on Ainsworth reflects Standard & Poor's expectation that as 
the company completes its comprehensive refinancing plan it will have reduced 
debt and improved its capital structure. Furthermore, through 2012 a moderate 
rebound in U.S. housing construction has resulted in higher OSB prices and 
stronger free operating cash flow for Ainsworth. Higher cash flows from 
operations combined with the company's plans to sign an ABL facility help 
maintain adequate liquidity to fund operations. For the next year, we expect 
Ainsworth to continue operating at full capacity, with a slight weakening of 
OSB prices from current highs, although we expect free operating cash flows to 
remain positive. We could raise the ratings if forecasted U.S. housing starts 
materialize to about 1 million starts, which we do not expect until 2014, 
accompanied by supplier discipline leading to higher EBITDA and reduced 
leverage below 5x on a sustained basis. Alternatively, we could lower the 
ratings if the housing market does not recover as expected or if realized OSB 
prices fall to C$185 per thousand square foot, leading to negative free 
operating cash flows and a liquidity decline below C$30 million.

Related Criteria And Research
     -- Methodology and Assumptions: Liquidity Descriptors For Global 
Corporate Issuers, Sept. 28, 2011
     -- Key Credit Factors: Criteria For Rating The Forest Products Industry, 
Dec. 11, 2009 
     -- 2008 Corporate Criteria: Analytical Methodology, April 15, 2008

Ratings List
Ainsworth Lumber Co. Ltd.

Outlook Revised
                           To            From
Corporate credit rating    B-/Stable/--  B-/Negative/--

Rating Assigned
US$350 million sr secured notes     B
Recovery rating                     2

Ratings Affirmed/Unchanged
Senior secured debt                 B+    
 Recovery rating                    1
Senior unsecured debt               B-
 Recovery rating                    4

Complete ratings information is available to subscribers of RatingsDirect on 
the Global Credit Portal at All ratings affected 
by this rating action can be found on Standard & Poor's public Web site at Use the Ratings search box located in the left 
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