Reuters logo
TEXT-Fitch rates Delaware GOs 'AAA', outlook is stable
February 11, 2013 / 9:51 PM / in 5 years

TEXT-Fitch rates Delaware GOs 'AAA', outlook is stable

Feb 11 - Fitch Ratings assigns an 'AAA' rating to $340.01 million of the
following general obligation (GO) bonds of the State of Delaware:

--$115.01 million GO bonds, series 2013A;
--$225 million GO bonds, series 2013B.

The series 2013A bonds are expected to sell via negotiation the week of Feb. 19,
2013 and the series 2013B bonds are expected to sell via competitive bid on Feb.
21, 2013.

In addition, Fitch affirms the following ratings:

--$1.7 billion in outstanding GO bonds at 'AAA'.

The Rating Outlook is Stable.


General obligation, full faith and credit of the State of Delaware


CONSERVATIVE FISCAL MANAGEMENT: Delaware's conservative fiscal management and
longstanding constitutional protections designed to ensure surplus operations
result in the maintenance of solid fund and cash balances and budgetary reserve

STRONG PENSION FUNDING: The state employees' pension system maintains strong
funded ratios and the state consistently funds its actuarially calculated annual
required contributions.

ABOVE AVERAGE DEBT BURDEN: Although the state's debt burden is above average, it
reflects centralization of many local government functions and is mitigated by
rapid amortization of GO debt.

GENERALLY STABLE ECONOMIC BASE: Delaware has considerable economic and financial
resources although economic rebound from the recession has been fairly slow.
Finances of the state benefit from its position as legal home of most U.S.


Delaware's 'AAA' GO bond rating is derived from its considerable economic and
financial resources supported by proactive management and institutionalized
protections designed to ensure surplus operations. Above-average debt levels
incorporate the state's issuance for purposes handled at the local government
level in other states. Pensions are well funded.


The state's economy, diversified through deliberate policies that created a
climate attractive to banking and related business services, and
pharmaceuticals, has been slow to emerge from the recession, reflected in
year-over-year (y-o-y) employment growth that has trailed the nation, although
Fitch believes the economy remains stable. The state's current economic forecast
anticipates more robust economic growth, beginning in 2013 with 1.5% annualized
growth compared to 1.4% for the U.S., and continuing through the near term
economic forecast, through 2015.

Historically, Delaware's per capita personal income (PCPI) has surpassed that of
the nation, but recent personal income performance has lagged the U.S., with
2011 PCPI just trailing the U.S. at 99.7% of the national average, ranking
Delaware 21st amongst the states. On a y-o-y quarterly basis, the state's
personal income growth in 2012 has been uneven; y-o-y third quarter personal
income growth of 3% compared favorably to 2.3% for the region while remaining
below the 3.2% for the U.S. Growth of 2.1% in the second quarter growth lagged
both the region and the U.S.; 2.2% and 3%, respectively.

The uneven PCPI performance incorporates the slow employment growth in the state
following the recession. Y-o-y employment growth in December 2012 was 0.6%
compared to 1.4% for the U.S. and annual growth averages have trailed the U.S.;
0.8% growth in 2011 and the state's forecast of 0.2% growth in 2012 compare to
the nation's 1% in 2011 and the state estimate of 1.4% for the U.S. in 2012.

Employment remains concentrated in the banking and services industries; 10.5% of
jobs in December 2012 were in financial activities (compared to 5.9% for the US)
13.1% were in business and professional services (compared to 12.9% for the
U.S.), and 16.6% were in education and health services (compared to 15.1% for
the U.S.) Unemployment levels are typically well below the U.S. average; 6.9% in
December 2012 compared to the U.S. rate of 7.8%; an improved rate from one year
prior but still well above rates in the mid-3% range prior to the recession.


Delaware's financial operations are conservatively managed and ongoing
monitoring of both revenues and expenditures by the independent Delaware
Economic and Financial Advisory Council (DEFAC) ensures timely knowledge of
operating trends; DEFAC reviews the revenue and expense forecast six times a
year. The state proactively addressed expected revenue shortfalls in fiscal
years 2009 and 2010, and a return to more robust revenue growth in FY 2011
reflected economic stabilization in the state. The state was able to close the
anticipated budgetary gaps without using its budget reserve fund, which remained
fully funded at $186 million (5%) of prior year appropriations. The unreserved
general fund balance remained sizable at 24.4% of revenues in FY 2010 on a GAAP

Following healthy 9% budgetary revenue growth in FY 2011, general fund revenues
in FY 2012 were initially expected to grow at a 2.3% rate, allowing for personal
income, bank franchise, public utility, and gross receipts tax cuts, various
fund allocations, and a 2% state employee salary increase to be effective Jan.
1, 2012. Multiple revisions to DEFAC's revenue forecast, incorporating negative
revisions to corporate income, estate, and bank franchise taxes, as well as the
state lottery, resulted in about $170 million (4.9%) lower revenue for FY 2012
as compared to FY 2011. When combined with 9.8% growth in general fund
appropriations, general fund operations produced a $233 million operating
deficit for the fiscal year. The state drew on excess cash balances in the
general fund to fund the deficit but the budget reserve fund remained fully
funded. The unrestricted general fund balance was a notable 34% of general fund
revenue on a GAAP basis in FY 2012.

The forecast for personal income tax (PIT) revenue, which grew 4.5% between
fiscal years 2011 and 2012 (incorporating a rate reduction in the top rate from
6.95% to 6.75%) was revised to a total 6.3% growth for FY 2013 at DEFAC's
December 2012 meeting, incorporating continued improvement in economic
conditions and maintenance of the current PIT rate. The December 2012 forecast
also included almost 86% growth in corporate income taxes in FY 2013 and over
77% growth in abandoned property revenue offset by expected declines from FY
2012 in franchise taxes (1.2%), lottery (11.6%), and gross receipts tax (2.5%).
Overall, DEFAC estimates revenues in FY 2013, which ends on June 30, will show
11.2% growth from FY 2012. The state does not have a sales tax.

Delaware's revenue mix reflects its position as legal home of most U.S.
corporations, with various fees and taxes as well as abandoned property revenue
all linked to companies being legally domiciled in the state. Abandoned property
typically accounts for over 10% of general fund revenues with collections
expected to be a high 15% in fiscal 2013; this variable revenue stream was
negatively affected by the downturn in financial markets but the state's
decision to shorten the dormancy period on held securities has resulted in an
increase in these collections. The state has capped the use of these funds in
the budget for the current fiscal year, with amounts received over $566 million
to the General Fund to be dedicated to other state expenditures, including OPEB

The governor's proposed budget for FY 2014 totals $3,712 million; a 3.4%
increase from anticipated expenditures in FY 2013. The budget proposal builds on
DEFAC's December 2012 revenue estimate for FY 2014 and allows for the statutory
98% of forecast revenue to be budgeted. The current revenue forecast also
incorporates the scheduled sunset of a number of tax increases (PIT, gross
receipts tax, estate tax, corporate franchise tax) that were implemented during
the recession. The governor has proposed rolling back the rates on the PIT and
the gross receipts tax, but to levels above the scheduled sunset rate; the
estate and corporate franchise taxes are proposed to stay at current levels. The
legislature is expected to review the governor's proposal in the current
legislative session.


As a small state with a minimal number of local governments, Delaware's service
functions are highly centralized, leading to an upper moderate debt burden. Net
tax-supported debt as of June 30, 2012, equals about $2.7 billion, or 7.3% of
personal income, with about 41% of debt issued through the transportation
authority. This ratio remains below the double-digit levels experienced in the
state's very weak fiscal period of the mid-1970s, reflecting steps taken by the
state to reduce its bonding for capital. However, the ratio has been increasing
over the past decade and it is well above the average debt burden for U.S.
states. Debt is still a moderate burden on state resources; debt service was
approximately 4% of revenues in FY 2012 and a rapid rate of amortization is
noted as well.

The state employees' pension system was overfunded until 2009 when investment
losses resulted in the development of a small unfunded liability. Pension
reforms effective Jan. 1, 2012 aimed to bolster funding ratios through targeted
reductions in new employee benefits and increased contributions by new
employees. The state also implemented changes to retirees' prescription drug
plans for significant annual cost savings to the state. While the reported
funded ratio declined to 91.5% as of June 30, 2012, from 94% as of June 30,
2011, the state anticipates modest improvement in future funding ratios from
recently healthy investment returns. Using Fitch's more conservative 7% discount
rate assumption (as compared to the state's 7.5% assumption), funding as of June
30, 2012 declines to a still solid 86.7%. The state has targeted improving its
OPEB funding; assets in the state's irrevocable trust currently provide a 2.8%
funding ratio.

Additional information is available at ''. The ratings above
were solicited by, or on behalf of, the issuer, and therefore, Fitch has been
compensated for the provision of the ratings.
In addition to the sources of information identified in Fitch's Tax-Supported
Rating Criteria, this action was additionally informed by information from IHS
Global Insight.

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:
--'Tax-Supported Rating Criteria' (Aug. 14, 2012);
--'U.S. State Government Tax-Supported Rating Criteria' (Aug. 14, 2012).

Applicable Criteria and Related Research:
Tax-Supported Rating Criteria
U.S. State Government Tax-Supported Rating Criteria

Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.
0 : 0
  • narrow-browser-and-phone
  • medium-browser-and-portrait-tablet
  • landscape-tablet
  • medium-wide-browser
  • wide-browser-and-larger
  • medium-browser-and-landscape-tablet
  • medium-wide-browser-and-larger
  • above-phone
  • portrait-tablet-and-above
  • above-portrait-tablet
  • landscape-tablet-and-above
  • landscape-tablet-and-medium-wide-browser
  • portrait-tablet-and-below
  • landscape-tablet-and-below