(Updates with communique, adds details from United States, Russia)
By Anna Yukhananov
WASHINGTON, April 17 (Reuters) - The Group of 20 leading economies on Friday discussed ways to raise emerging countries’ voting rights at the IMF as part of an effort to move past U.S. foot-dragging on reforms to the institution, but they failed to reach an agreement.
The IMF’s member countries agreed in 2010 to give more voting power to countries like China and India, double the Fund’s resources, and reduce the dominance of Western Europe on its 24-member board.
But the Obama administration, which supports the reforms, has been unable to persuade the U.S. Congress to pass funding changes necessary for the agreement. The United States can block the IMF reforms because it holds a controlling share of votes.
To get around the United States, the IMF’s board had proposed one “interim” plan to raise the voting rights of some emerging countries under an “ad hoc” increase without touching U.S. veto power.
That plan was discussed, along with another proposal to push through the voting reforms without doubling the Fund’s resources, which would see the loss of the U.S. veto, according to officials in attendance.
The “ad hoc” interim plan made it into a draft communique by the G20 finance ministers and central bank governors, but it was dropped from the final version after officials failed to come to an agreement.
“We call on the IMF executive board to pursue an interim solution that will meaningfully converge quota shares as soon as and to the extent possible to the levels agreed under the (2010) review,” the G20 said in its final communique.
Even under the “ad hoc” plan, countries like China would only get a small bump up in their shares, as all reallocations must allow the United States to keep at least 15 percent of the votes.
The interim proposal also would not resolve the IMF’s financial crunch, as it increasingly relies on temporary arrangements approved during the height of the 2007-2009 financial crisis to fund major loan programs in countries like Greece and Ukraine.
Some other countries including Brazil and Russia also had pushed a second proposal, known as “de-linking,” in which the IMF board would detach the doubling of resources from changes to the board structure, and the United States would be asked to temporarily give up its veto power until it ratified the reforms.
“We’re in favor of the more strict option, de-linking,” Russian Finance Minister Anton Siluanov told reporters during the spring meetings of the IMF and World Bank in Washington.
“Because we see difficulties in getting (the quota reforms) through Congress for the third year, so we don’t see any basis for optimism.”
But the United States would have to agree to give up its voting shares, which most Fund officials admitted was unlikely.
The G20 ministers said they remained “deeply disappointed” the 2010 reforms had not been approved, and urged the United States to ratify them as soon as possible.
U.S. Treasury Secretary Jack Lew said in a statement on Friday that the United States “will continue to press Congress to approve these much-needed reforms as soon as possible.”
Reporting by Anna Yukhananov; Editing by Paul Simao