May 23, 2010 / 12:02 PM / 9 years ago

FACTBOX-U.S.-Mexico trade and the Arizona law

 May 23 (Reuters) - Some Mexican visitors have boycotted
shops and stores in Arizona to protest the desert state's tough
new law cracking down on illegal immigrants that is due to come
into effect on July 29.
 The following are facts about the sometimes strained trade
relationship between the United States and Mexico, and the
commercial and travel ties between Arizona and neighboring
Sonora state in northern Mexico.
 * The North American Free Trade Agreement between the
United States, Canada and Mexico came into effect on Jan. 1,
1994, creating the world's largest free trade area.
 * Mexico is the United States' second largest trading
partner after Canada, with trade flows of around $1 billion a
day.
 * Under NAFTA, Washington agreed to allow Mexican trucks to
haul goods on U.S. roads. But a spending bill passed by the
U.S. Congress eliminated funding for a pilot program.
 * In response, Mexico slapped retaliatory tariffs on $2.4
billion of U.S. products in March, and accused U.S. lawmakers
of bowing to protectionist pressures from union leaders.
 * Arizona has border crossings with Mexico in six towns and
cities, from Yuma in the west, to Douglas in the east.
 * Last year, 27.9 million people crossed legally to Arizona
from Mexico, 12.8 million of them through ports of entry in
Nogales, the state's largest border city.
 * Goods worth $20.8 billion moved over the Arizona-Mexico
border in 2008 by truck and rail.
 * Mexican visitor spending in Arizona was almost $2.7
billion in 2007-2008, a figure more than double the estimated
spending in 2001.
 * Nearly 23,400 wage and salary jobs in Arizona are
directly attributable to Mexican visitor spending.
 Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; U.S. Department of Homeland
Security; University of Arizona, Eller College of Management.
 (Reporting by Tim Gaynor; Editing by Mary Milliken and Xavier
Briand)


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