Hit by drought and debt, Indian farmers protest with human skulls and rats

NEW DELHI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Indian farmers hit by drought and debt displayed the skulls of fellow farmers believed to have committed suicide, and placed live rats in their mouths at a protest on Monday calling on Prime Minister Narendra Modi to save them from starvation.

A farmer from Tamil Nadu displays skulls, which he claims are the remains of Tamil farmers who have committed suicide, during a protest demanding a drought-relief package from the government, in New Delhi, March 22, 2017. REUTERS/Cathal McNaughton

The farmers, who travelled to the Indian capital from the southern state of Tamil Nadu, say lack of rains over the last year have led to crop failure, forcing many to take loans from banks and moneylenders to survive.

“These skulls are all that remains of our brothers who killed themselves because they could not repay their debts,” said P. Ayyakannu, president of South Indian Rivers Linking Farmers Association, sitting by a row of eight human skulls.

“It has come to the stage where hundreds of farmers are committing suicide due to the pressure of not being able to repay these loans, yet our prime minister is doing very little. We are here to demand Modi help us and write-off these debts.”

The Thomson Reuters Foundation could not verify if the skulls on display at the protest in Delhi’s city centre belonged to farmers who had committed suicide.

Tens of thousands of Indian farmers have killed themselves over the last decade - by drinking pesticides or hanging themselves from trees - as unseasonal rains and drought combined with lower global commodity prices have hurt farm incomes.

More than 12,600 farmers and agricultural labourers committed suicide in 2015 alone - making up almost 10 percent of all suicides in India, according to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).

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Almost 60 percent of the suicides were caused by bankruptcy and indebtedness or farming-related issues, said the NCRB, and almost three-quarters of victims were farmers cultivating land plots of less than two hectares (five acres).


Since sweeping to power almost three years ago, Modi has introduced a national crop damage insurance scheme, promised to improve irrigation and input subsidies to farmers if a third of their crop is damaged.

But farmers’ unions say the implementation of these measures has been slow.

In searing midday heat, over 100 farmers dressed in green turbans and loin cloths sat bare-chested on the roadside.

They chanted slogans and shared stories of watching their rice and cotton crops wither away, and spoke of borrowing money to pay their children’s school fees, buy food and even to repay existing debts.

Some held up large white rats and placed the squirming rodents between their teeth -- saying they would be forced to eat them in order to avoid starvation.

“This is not just about the farmers in Tamil Nadu, but about farmers all over India. We are all facing the same problems,” said Rakesh Tikait, president of the Bhartiya Kisan Union, a union representing thousands of farmers in northern India.

“We want the government to write-off all our loans, introduce a profitable prices for all agricultural products, and provide proper compensation for crop losses due to the drought.”

Tikait said it was also necessary for the government to follow through on pledges to interlink river systems as a means of increasing water availability to drought-hit farmers.