(Adds analysis, background)
* Provides sharia-compliant alternative to LIBOR
* May be used to price range of Islamic instruments
* Rates contributed by 16 institutions
* Tenors range from overnight to 1 year
* Faces obstacles to widespread use
By By Shaheen Pasha
MANAMA, Nov 22 (Reuters) - A consortium of Islamic banks and financial industry associations launched the industry’s first international Islamic interbank rate on Tuesday, offering a sharia-compliant alternative to traditional interest-based benchmarks.
The Islamic Interbank Benchmark Rate (IIBR), based on rates contributed by 16 Islamic banks and Islamic sections of conventional banks, is the average expected return on sharia-compliant, short-term interbank funding.
Its creators hope IIBR will be used as a basis for pricing a wide range of Islamic financial instruments, including sukuk (Islamic bonds), corporate financing and common Islamic treasury agreements. Tenors for IIBR will range from overnight to one year.
“The establishment of the IIBR marks an important milestone in the maturation of Islamic money markets by providing an international reference rate for interbank transactions,” said Nasser Saidi, chairman of the committee which sets the rules for the new system.
IIBR addresses a source of tension within the Islamic finance industry, which is estimated to have reached $1 trillion in assets: Islam forbids the use of interest in any transaction, but the industry has long used the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), a system of interest rates, as a benchmark in the absence of sharia-compliant alternatives.
For details and background on IIBR, click:
The new system is based on the rate of return on capital used by Islamic banks, representing the average profit rate at which bids are made for sharia-compliant interbank transactions, such as murabaha and wakala deals, between top Islamic financial institutions. Murabaha is a cost-plus-profit structure used for funding, while wakala involves the use of an agency agreement in which one firm accepts funds from another to invest on its behalf in a sharia-compliant manner.
Some bankers believe the launch of IIBR shows Islamic finance, which has existed in modern form for several decades, is finally maturing to a level at which it can compete broadly with conventional finance -- at a time when turmoil in global financial markets has raised questions about risks in the conventional system.
Because Islamic finance bans pure monetary speculation that is not based on an underlying asset, its proponents present it as a less risky, more stable alternative to conventional finance.
But it still faces big obstacles to widespread adoption, including a lack of tools that commercial banks and central banks can use to adjust liquidity. Disputes between scholars on acceptable practices, and a lack of trained staff and investor familiarity with instruments, also hinder Islamic finance.
Khairul Nizam, deputy secretary general of the Accounting and Auditing Organisation for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI), which sets standards for the industry, said IIBR would for now remain a guideline that banks could voluntarily choose to adopt.
“We don’t have the regulatory authority to compel banks to use IIBR but as the contributing banks are among the top Islamic institutions, we are hopeful that as they use it, it will set IIBR as a benchmark,” Nizam said.
“Rather than this being something forced, we want non-contributing banks to want to start using it, and we are hopeful that they will.”
Nizam added that the IIBR committee, which includes AAOIFI, was in discussions with Malaysian banks to have them contribute rates to the pool, to give IIBR a greater global reach beyond the Gulf. Malaysia has its own Islamic interbank rate system based on contributions from local Islamic institutions in the local currency, the ringgit. IIBR is based on the U.S. dollar.
Adoption of IIBR by a wide range of Islamic institutions may take some time as banks become comfortable with the new system, said Sheikh Muddassir Siddiqui, a sharia scholar on the committee’s board and partner at law firm SNR Denton in Dubai.
“For a fixed-price contract, such as murabaha, I think we’ll see people using IIBR immediately,” he said. “For floating-rate agreements, such as in some lease (ijara) contracts, the adoption may take a little longer as people would need to build the confidence and the comfort level for fixing the cost of financing on future dates. It is natural.”
A banker attending the launch of IIBR, who asked not to be named, said: “It has good potential but we have to see how the enforceability works. This benchmark is always going to be at a premium to the conventional rate. As a borrower, I would prefer the lower rate.”
IIBR was launched by Thomson Reuters Corp , which publishes this news service, in cooperation with the Islamic Development Bank, AAOIFI, the Association of Islamic Banking Institutions Malaysia, the Bahrain Association of Banks, the Hawkamah Institute for Corporate Governance, the Statistical Economic and Social Research Center for Islamic Countries, and 19 Islamic banks, most of them based in the Gulf. (Additional reporting by Andrew Hammond; Editing by Andrew Torchia)