March 5, 2013 / 8:05 PM / 5 years ago

Pentagon F-35 chief sees progress, but affordability still focus

* Bogdan says he never suggested the aircraft was in trouble
    * Message was about need for contractors to control costs
    * General says he's reached his quota for 'headline-making

    By David Alexander and Andrea Shalal-Esa
    WASHINGTON, March 5 (Reuters) - A week after his drubbing of
the top contractors on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter raised
eyebrows at the Pentagon, the U.S. program chief sought to
maintain pressure on industry, while citing progress on software
development and production costs.
    U.S. Air Force Lieutenant General Christopher Bogdan told a
defense conference that he'd reached his quota for "juicy,
controversial, headline-making quotes" for the month after
lashing the plane's manufacturer Lockheed Martin Corp . 
and enginemaker Pratt & Whitney during an air show in Australia.
    Bogdan told a conference hosted by Aviation Week on Tuesday
that his comments were taken "a little out of context" and he
had never said the $396 billion fighter program -- the
Pentagon's largest weapons program -- was in trouble. 
    "I will overcommunicate all the troubles we have on this
program as long as you don't overreact," he said.
    U.S. defense officials and industry experts last week said
Bogdan's remarks could undermine the program at home and abroad,
tipping the scales for countries like Australia and Canada,
whose F-35 orders are already on shaky ground. 
   If the project stays on track, Pratt & Whitney, a unit of
United Technologies Corp, will provide 4,000 engines and
Lockheed 3,000 planes to the United States and its allies. 
    Lockheed is building three different models of the F-35
fighter jet for the U.S. military and eight countries that
helped pay for its development: Britain, Canada, Italy, Turkey,
Denmark, the Netherlands, Australia and Norway. Israel and Japan
have also placed orders for the new radar-evading fighter.
    The Pentagon plans to buy 2,443 F-35s in coming decades, but
it is counting on international sales to help drive down the
price of the plane in the early years.
    On Tuesday, Bogdan cited progress on the quality of software
work being done by Lockheed, and said production costs were the
"shining star" of the program since they were now coming down.
    He said technical issues such as the plane's complex helmet
and the tailhook on the Navy's version of the plane, did not
keep him up at night since the program was still in development.
    "The fact of the matter is we are still in development. We
only have a third of our flight test program completed. You've
got to expect that we're going to find things," he said. 
    Bogdan said defects and issues could still arise during the
remainder of flight testing, which meant that the plane could be
grounded again at some point. "You've got to expect that we're
potentially going to ground the airplanes. I hope not, but it's
not unexpected," he said.
    The plane has already been grounded twice this year. The 
Pentagon last week resumed flights of the 51 F-35 fighters it
owns after a week-long grounding ordered after inspectors found
a crack on an engine blade on a test jet in California.
    Bogdan said the crack was found on a jet that had been the
workhorse aircraft for testing how far the Air Force version of
the plane could be pushed before reaching its limits.
    It had flown at 1.5 times the speed of sound, had been
supersonic at 5,000 feet altitude and had pulled seven to eight
times the force of gravity.
    "The problem was ... thermal creep," Bogdan said. "It had
been exposed to more thermal stress than we thought. ... That
was the cause of this blade failure."
    The Marines Corps version of the plane was grounded for
nearly a month starting in mid-January because of a faulty hose
in the engine.
    The Air Force general also said he was "moderately
confident" that Lockheed would complete the Block 2B software
package in time for the Marine Corps to be the first of the
military service to start operational use of the new fighter
plane by the end of 2015.
    But he also noted that the most difficult bit of the
software development was still to come.
    "Despite what you might hear that we're 90 percent or 95
percent done with software ... everybody who knows anything
about software knows that the next step is integration and
integrating software is the hardest thing," Bogdan said. "That
is the holy grail of software and we still have a lot of that
    To ensure better oversight of those efforts, Bogdan said the
Pentagon had now created a board that included representatives
from Naval Air Systems Command, which decided which software
items to let slip and which to included.
    That marked a change from the earlier days of the program,
when Lockheed made those decisions on its own, he said.
    Despite the improvements, Bogdan said he remained concerned
about the longer term cost of sustaining the plane and its
overall affordability. He said his remarks in Australia were
meant to underscore that issue.
    "I need everybody in this enterprise to worry about
affordability," he said. "And that was a shot across the bow
because I have been slightly frustrated with real results, real
actions that need to happen to reduce costs on this airplane."
    He said he had spoken with leaders at Lockheed and Pratt &
Whitney several times in the past few days and had received
assurances that they had "heard my message."
    "They've assured me that they will concentrate on working
... to drive costs out of this program in the long term and I
believe them," Bogdan said. "The question is now will the
actions back up the words. I'm moderately confident that I have
their attention now and we'll see what happens."
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