December 19, 2012 / 8:11 PM / 5 years ago

FOREX-Euro rises broadly on firm German data; yen underperforms

* Euro hits 16-month high vs yen, 8-1/2-month peak vs dollar
    * German Ifo rises for 2nd straight month
    * White House rejects Republican "Plan B" on budget talks
    * BoJ expected to ease policy on Thursday

    By Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss
    NEW YORK, Dec 19 (Reuters) - The euro advanced to a 16-month
high against the yen and an 8-1/2-month peak versus the dollar
on Wednesday, bolstered by better-than-expected German business
confidence data and increasing optimism about debt-plagued
    The yen also weakened to its lowest in more than a year and 
a half against the dollar on expectations the Bank of Japan will
ease monetary policy at the end of a two-day meeting Thursday.
    Many analysts said the euro could extend gains against both
the dollar and yen thanks to year-end demand from corporate and
long-term investors in thin trading conditions. Currency
speculators are also cutting short euro positions built earlier
this year as worries about the euro zone have eased.
    On Wednesday, Germany's Ifo survey showed business sentiment
rose for a second straight month in December, raising hopes
Europe's largest economy will get back on track after stumbling
a little bit the last few months. The expectations component of
the Ifo survey also increased. 
    "The euro is doing well across the board and there are
fundamental drivers here," said Vassili Serebriakov, currency
strategist at BNP Paribas in New York.
    "We had good data from Germany, plus we're getting the sense
that there is a smooth resolution of the Greek problem."
    The euro rose 0.36 percent to 111.79 yen, hitting
112.49, its highest since August 2011. Investors took out a 
reported options barrier at 112 yen.
    Against the dollar, the single euro zone currency 
rose to $1.3308, its strongest level since early April. By
mid-afternoon New York trade, the euro gave up some of those
gains to trade at $1.3242, a gain of 0.11 percent on the day.
    On Tuesday, ratings agency Standard & Poor's raised Greece's
credit rating after the country completed its bond buyback
program. S&P gave Greece a stable outlook given the euro zone
countries' commitment to support Greece's membership in the
European bloc. That helped the euro trade on a
firmer note overnight.
    Traders also said a year-end squeeze of short positions has
further underpinned the euro, although the jury is out on how
much further the single euro zone currency can profit from this.
    Greg Anderson, senior currency strategist at CitiFX in New
York, thinks the pressure on euro short bets is likely to end by
the U.S. close on Friday, when much of the market will go on
holiday. No one really wants to hold long euros in an illiquid
Christmas week, he explained.
    "I suspect that the euro could get to $1.35 if the U.S.
miraculously reached an agreement on a 'grand bargain' solution
to the fiscal cliff. Absent that, I doubt that the euro rally
would extend more than 1-2 percent further on any cross," said
    U.S. President Barack Obama on Wednesday threatened to veto
a Republican tax plan, known as "Plan B", because it does not do
enough to raise taxes on the wealthy or address spending cuts
needed to tame the country's $16 trillion in debt. Talks to
avert the fiscal cliff have turned sour even after recent
    The euro came off its highs against the greenback after the
White House made known its displeasure with the opposition
Republican plan, undermining tepid progress on the budget talks.
    If U.S. policymakers do reach a compromise to avert steep
tax increases and spending cuts early next year, currencies that
tend to gain on a better global growth outlook - like the euro
and Australian dollar - should benefit at the expense of the
safe-haven dollar.
    The dollar index fell to a two-month low of 79.008
before ricocheting higher to trade at 79.273, off 0.1 percent.
    The dollar, however, rose against the yen to a
20-month high of 84.61 yen as it broke through an option barrier
at 84.50. It triggered stop-loss buy orders above that level.
    The dollar last changed hands at 84.37 yen, up 0.2 percent.
    Traders reported steady buying of short-dated topside
strikes in the dollar/yen options, reflecting the likelihood of
more weakness in the yen. 
    Expectations of looser policy from the BoJ, which tend to
weigh on the yen, have been bolstered by a landslide election
victory for Japan's Liberal Democratic Party at the weekend. The
LDP is committed to aggressive monetary easing.
    The BoJ concludes a two-day policy meeting on Thursday and
is widely expected to announce another round of monetary easing.
    Fourteen of 19 economists polled by Reuters last week said
they expected the BoJ to ease this week, most likely by
increasing its 91 trillion yen ($1 trillion) asset-buying and
lending program by up to 10 trillion yen. 
    Some analysts, however, warned that BoJ measures could fall
short of expectations, leading some to buy back the yen.
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