October 18, 2007 / 1:28 PM / 12 years ago

FOREX-Dollar index falls to record low

(Recasts, updates prices, adds comment).

NEW YORK, Oct 18 (Reuters) - The dollar fell to a record low against a basket of currencies on Thursday after Bank of America’s third-quarter results missed estimates and renewed concerns of a U.S. economic slowdown.

Weak earnings from the second-largest U.S. bank on the back of mounting credit losses sent U.S. stock futures lower and U.S. Treasury prices higher on expectations slowing activity might prompt the U.S. Federal Reserve to cut interest rates.

The yen gained against the dollar as investors became more risk averse and unwound carry trades in which they buy high-yielding currencies funded by borrowing low-yielders such as the yen.

It was the yen’s fourth straight day of gains against the dollar, the longest streak of gains since the four days leading up to the Fed’s surprise 50 basis point cut of the discount rate, at which it lends to banks, on Aug. 17.

The euro also touched a record high against the dollar.

“Bank of America earnings play up concerns about the health of the financial sector and suggest we are likely to see fall out from market volatility, with the yen being the main beneficiary,” said Omer Esiner, foreign exchange analyst at Ruesch International in Washington.

Early in New York, the euro was up around 0.6 percent on the day at $1.4287 EUR=, climbing as high as 1.4310 in the opening hours of the New York session, according to Reuters data.

The euro fell 0.3 percent against the yen at 165.01 yen EURJPY=, while the dollar was 0.8 percent weaker at 115.57 yen JPY=, near an earlier two-week low.

The dollar index, a measure of the dollar’s value against six major currencies, was down 0.7 percent at 77.576 .DXY. Earlier in the session it fell to 77.478, the lowest since its post-Bretton Woods inception more than 30 years ago.

The dollar was already weak prior to the release of Bank of America earnings after dire U.S. housing data on Wednesday bolstered the case for the Fed to cut rates this month from 4.75 percent to cushion a slowing economy.

“Concerns about the outlook for the U.S. economy have increased in the last few days with the weaker-than-expected housing market,” said Matthew Strauss, senior currency strategist with RBC Capital Markets in Toronto. “Bank of America earnings have highlighted financial problems are not over yet, all of which is putting downward pressure on the dollar.”

U.S. short-term rate futures early on Thursday showed around a 72 percent chance of a rate cut at the Fed’s October meeting.

Sterling had earlier got a boost from above-forecast British retail sales data while the Swiss franc rose after Swiss National Bank Chairman Jean-Pierre Roth said on Wednesday that markets were wrong to assume there would be no further rate hikes.

Sterling/dollar GBP= rose 0.5 percent to 2.0484, earlier trading above 2.05 for the first time since July, while dollar/Swiss franc CHF= fell 1 percent to 1.1683.

Foreign exchange investors are also cautious ahead of a Group of Seven meeting at the weekend. European businesses on Thursday called for France, Germany and Italy to push for a clear commitment from the G7 against further euro appreciation.

Some investors were also nervous in selling the yen before the meeting amid concerns that policy-makers could highlight the weakness of the Japanese currency.

Analyst’s said though that the G7’s focus is more likely to be on the tightly controlled Chinese yuan.

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