(Adds govt stance on prices paragraphs 3-4, 9-10)
By Jason Lange and Luis Rojas Mena
MEXICO CITY, May 14 (Reuters) - The price of tortillas, a politically sensitive issue in Mexico where the corn pancakes are eaten more often than bread, is expected to jump about 18 percent by June on rising costs for fuel and corn, a major industry group said on Wednesday.
Average tortilla prices should rise to 10 pesos ($0.95) per kilo in June from 8.5 pesos per kilo now, Rafael Ortega, who heads the National Chamber for the Tortilla and Dough Industry, told Reuters. Ortega’s organization groups together about 40 percent of the country’s tortilla producers.
But Economy Minister Eduardo Sojo said the government is working with the tortilla industry to keep a lid on prices, such as offering subsidies for transport and warehousing, and said that prices — even though not state controlled — would not rise.
“There is no price increase, it will not go up tomorrow,” Sojo told reporters. “We are going to work with them to support the productive chain so that we keep prices reasonable for tortillas.”
The tortilla chamber’s forecast, together with other projections of even sharper increases that have been published in Mexican newspapers, contradicted recent statements from major retailers that tortilla prices will not rise sharply this year.
Global grain prices have surged on higher demand from countries like China, scant harvests in many countries and growing demand for grain from the biofuel industry.
In some parts of the world, soaring prices for basic food staples such as rice have sparked street protests and riots.
Food costs are a serious concern for the poor in Mexico, where the minimum wage is around $5 a day. In the past, the government has made deals with retailers and producers to control tortilla costs.
Sojo said food costs started to impact Mexico in late 2006 and early 2007. “We have been taking measures since then, so it is not a surprise and it is a topic that is a priority,” Sojo told local radio.
Sojo said the government’s efforts have kept tortilla price increases to a minimum, rising to an average country-wide price of 8.01 pesos this week, from 7.90 pesos at the close of 2007.
But investors seized on the Mexican inflation forecasts as more evidence that the possible price increases will fuel higher inflation and might lead the central bank to raise interest rates this year.
Yields on Mexican interest rate futures <0#TII:> surged on Wednesday, showing investors had significantly increased bets of a rate hike sometime this year.
The yield on Mexico’s benchmark 10-year peso bond MX10YT=RR rose 7 basis points to bid 8.10 percent.
Barclays Capital Research said in a note that higher tortilla prices would lead to inflation problems, with one newspaper report suggesting the staple could move up to 12 pesos ($1.14) per kilo over the next few weeks.
“This increase would have a significant impact on domestic inflation, probably pushing it toward, or even above, the ceiling of the central bank’s 4.5 percent to 5.0 percent inflation forecast range for the next couple of quarters,” it said, referring to an increase to 12 pesos.
The note, written by analysts Rodrigo Valdes and Jimena Zuniga, said a tortilla price hike of that magnitude could push the central bank to raise its key interest rate by 25 basis points from the current 7.50 percent as early as its June monthly policy review.
The tortilla chamber’s Ortega said the average price for a tonne of milled corn has jumped to 3,650 pesos from 3,000 pesos in January. “It is just supply and demand,” Ortega said.
Another industry group said tortilla prices would rise gradually to 9 pesos ($0.85).
“Our members have no option, or they raise prices for tortillas or close their businesses,” Lorenzo Mejia, leader of the National Association of Industrial Millers and Tortilla Outlets, told local radio.
$1 = 10.487 pesos Additional reporting by Michael O'Boyle, Tomas Sarmiento and Chris Aspin; Editing by Louise Heavens