AMSTERDAM/MADRID, June 2 (Reuters) - Images of a white police officer kneeling on the neck of African-American George Floyd who then died have sparked angry protests from Amsterdam to Nairobi, but they also expose deeper grievances among demonstrators over strained race relations in their own countries.
With violent clashes between protesters and authorities raging in the United States, anti-police-brutality activists gathered by the thousands in support of the “Black Lives Matter” movement in the Netherlands, Britain, Germany and in African cities.
Peaceful protesters highlighted allegations of abuse of black prisoners by their jailers, social and economic inequality, and institutional racism lingering from the colonial pasts of the Netherlands, Britain and France.
“If you want to believe that we in the Netherlands do not have a problem with race, you should go ahead and go home,” Jennifer Tosch, founder of Black Heritage Amsterdam Tours, told a crowd in Amsterdam, from where the Dutch West India Company operated ships estimated to have traded 500,000 slaves in the 1600s and 1700s.
Tosch and others drew a comparison between Floyd’s death and the treatment of black slaves centuries ago. “We have seen this image before as white persecutors and enslavers held down the enslaved and branded them with an iron.”
In London, a protester held a placard reading “The UK isn’t innocent,” while in Berlin around 2,000 people protested outside the U.S. embassy and two Bundesliga soccer players wore “Justice for George Floyd” shirts on Monday.
A similar message came from Dominique Sopo, president of French NGO SOS Racisme, which organised a small protest outside the U.S. embassy in Paris on Monday.
“This issue of police racism is also, albeit with a lower level of violence, an issue that concerns France. In the last few weeks we’ve seen a proliferation of cases and incidents that have not shown the police in a good light.”
Activists have said that amid a coronavirus lockdown, there have been a number of police brutality cases in low-income neighbourhoods where many originate from Africa.
Paris police on Tuesday banned a protest planned in memory of Adama Traore, a black Frenchman whose death in police custody in 2016 unleashed violent demonstrations.
In Nairobi, protesters at the American embassy held signs reading “Black Lives Matter” and “Stop Extrajudicial Killings”.
Organiser Nafula Wafula said violence against blacks is international and cited the killing of prisoners in Kenya.
“We should all be concerned, it affects black people everywhere,” Wafula said. “The system that allows police brutality to happen in Kenya is based on class. In America, it’s race and class.”
Protests are planned in coming days in Gambia, Britain, Spain and Portugal.
In Spain, protesters will mark the death of Floyd and “all sisters and brothers who have died at the hands of institutional racism on our streets,” the African and Afro-descendant Community CNAAE said.
“Spanish media are only asking about America and we can talk about America but we want to talk about racism in Spain,” said Jennifer Molina, from CNAAE.
Portugal’s gathering will address “the myth that Portugal is not a racist country”.
But not all in Europe side with the protesters.
Spain’s far-right Vox party and the Netherlands’ anti-Islam Freedom Party called those protesting Floyd’s death “terrorists” and backed U.S. President Donald Trump.
“Our support for Trump and the Americans who are seeing their Nation attacked by street terrorists backed by progressive millionaires,” Vox said in a Tweet.
In the Netherlands, the Freedom Party’s Geert Wilders tweeted: “White House under attack. This is no protest but anarchy by #AntifaTerrorists.”
Even amid such racial division, Linda Nooitmeer, who heads the National Institute for the Study of Dutch Slavery and its Legacy, drew hope from Monday’s protest in Amsterdam.
“We don’t have the history of the civil rights movement in Holland, so what occurred yesterday was really something new. It is the start of real dialogue.” (Reporting by Anthony Deutsch, Catarina Demony, Ingrid Melander, Richard Lough, Maria Sheahan and Katharine Houreld; Editing by Giles Elgood)