(Corrects reference to government coalition in paragraph 7)
* Government wants to cut Norway’s reliance on oil and gas
* Stakes in integrated oil and gas firms unaffected by plan
* Fund is built on revenues from domestic energy industry
* Graphic: tmsnrt.rs/2tskfub
By Gwladys Fouche and Terje Solsvik
OSLO, March 8 (Reuters) - Norway’s trillion-dollar sovereign wealth fund, the world’s biggest, will sell its stakes in oil and gas explorers and producers but still invest in energy firms that have refineries and other downstream activities, according to a government plan.
The proposal announced on Friday indicates the fund’s stakes in integrated companies, such as Royal Dutch Shell, Exxon Mobil and other majors involved in everything from exploration to selling fuel at the roadside, will not be sold.
The state, which has built up its wealth on the back of North Sea oil and gas reserves, also has no plans to sell its direct stake in Norway’s Equinor.
“The government is proposing to exclude companies classified as exploration and production companies within the energy sector from the (fund) to reduce the aggregate oil price risk in the Norwegian economy,” the Finance Ministry said in a statement.
Energy stocks represented 5.9 percent of the fund’s equity investments at the end of 2018, worth about $37 billion, fund data showed. But much of that amount is invested in integrated firms rather than smaller, dedicated explorers and producers.
Firms to be excluded from the fund would include Cairn Energy, in which the fund had a 1.92 percent stake worth $22 million at the end of 2018, Tullow Oil, in which it held 2.1 percent worth $67 million, and Premier Oil, in which it held 1.8 percent worth $12 million.
Parliament, which still needs to approve the proposal, is expected to the back the plan as the ruling centre-right coalition has a majority in the assembly.
“Exploration and production companies will be phased out from the fund gradually over time,” the government proposal said, without giving a timeline.
Stocks in energy companies, already dropping due to declining crude prices, extended their losses on the news.
The proposal, initiated by the central bank which manages the fund, aims to make Norway’s wealth less vulnerable to any permanent drop in oil prices, now that the fund has increased its exposure to equities to 70 percent of its value from 60 percent.
The fund invests Norway’s revenues from oil and gas production for future generations in stocks, bonds and real estate abroad.
Its investments in integrated firms at the end of 2018 included stakes of 2.45 percent in Shell, 2.31 percent in BP , 2.02 percent in Total, 0.99 percent in Chevron and 0.94 percent in ExxonMobil.
Oil and gas stocks would be replaced by investments in other companies, the deputy of the central bank told Reuters in 2017, when the idea was first suggested.
Editing by Edmund Blair