NEW YORK, Aug 25 (Reuters) - A United Arab Emirates bank sued Morgan Stanley MS.N, the Bank of New York Mellon Corp BK.N and ratings agencies Moody's and S&P on Monday, accusing them of fraud in operating a fund that collapsed in the U.S. credit crisis.
The lawsuit filed by Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank in U.S. district court in Manhattan said a complex deal known as the Cheyne Structured Investment Vehicle (SIV) was marketed by the defendants as highly rated and reliable, but they had hidden the risks.
“Instead of protecting the SIV and its investors as promised, defendants exposed the SIV to significant undisclosed risks,” the lawsuit said. “Defendants knew the assets purchased and held by the SIV were risky and of poor quality. They further knew the models used to generate the high rates were flawed.”
SIVs, which once held some $350 billion in assets, have played a major role in the U.S. credit crisis, after proving unable to refinance their short-term debts.
A series of SIVs are now selling off bank debt and assets such as asset-backed securities to try to pay back investors, a move that many see as further pressuring credit markets.
A deal was announced last month to restructure Cheyne, which at receivership was a $7 billion fund. Many investors who elected to stay in the restructured fund now have assets worth less than one-half of their former value, and the Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank’s investment is worth zero now, the complaint said.
A spokeswoman for Morgan Stanley and a spokesman for Bank of New York Mellon declined to comment.
A spokesman for S&P parent McGraw-Hill Cos Inc MHP.N declined comment, saying the company had not yet been served with the complaint.
A spokesman for Moody's Corp MCO.N was not immediately available for comment.
SIVs used short-term funding, such as asset-backed commercial paper, to buy longer-term assets such as bank debt and asset-backed securities.
The bank brought the action on behalf of all investors who bought investment grade Mezzanine Capital Notes issued by Cheyne Finance PLC and its wholly owned subsidiary Cheyne Finance Capital Notes from October 2004 to October 2007.
“The ratings agencies intentionally, recklessly or negligently misled investors in Cheyne,” according to the suit. “But for the ratings agencies violations of law, the capital notes never would have been issued.” (Reporting by Grant McCool and Dan Wilchins; editing by Jeffrey Benkoe)
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