December 28, 2009 / 5:19 PM / 10 years ago

FACTBOX-Russia's Druzhba oil pipeline to central Europe

Dec 28 (Reuters) - Russia has warned the European Union of possible cuts in oil supply via the Druzhba oil pipeline because of a fresh row between Moscow and Kiev. [ID:nLDE5BR0RM]

These are key facts about the Druzhba (Friendship) oil pipeline to Central Europe, one of the world’s biggest by capacity and length.

Druzhba is one of the largest sections of Russian pipeline monopoly Transneft’s (TRNF_p.MM) system. It starts in central Russia and connects West Siberian oilfields to major refineries in Europe.

It has a capacity of over 2 million barrels per day (bpd), of which some 1.2 million bpd went directly to consumers in the European Union in 2008, while some 400,000 bpd stayed in Belarus.

GERMANY, POLAND: The Druzhba pipeline splits into two legs with the bigger one, the northern leg, going to Poland and Germany.

In 2008, Germany received around 350,000 bpd of crude via Druzhba or just under 15 percent of its total consumption. Refineries belonging to Total TPTF.PA, Shell (RDSa.L) and BP (BP.L) are among the biggest buyers of crude from Druzhba.

Poland imports around 400,000 bpd of crude via Druzhba for domestic refining, or more than three quarters of its consumption, and exported another 90,000 bpd of Druzhba crude via the Baltic Sea port of Gdansk.

SLOVAKIA, HUNGARY, CZECH REPUBLIC: The southern leg of the Druzhba pipeline supplies Slovakia, Hungary and the Czech Republic and has total capacity of over 400,000 bpd but is often under-used. The Czech republic imports around 100,000 bpd via Druzhba, or half its consumption, Slovakia buys around 115,000 bpd from Druzhba, covering its entire needs, and Hungary imports 135,000 bpd, also almost fully meeting its demand.

BELARUS, UKRAINE: Belarus gets around 400,000 bpd for its two refineries.

In 2008, Ukraine re-exported some 160,000 bpd of crude from its Black Sea terminal of Odessa, which suspended re-export operations earlier this year. Another Ukrainian Black Sea outlet of Yuzhny also re-exported some 150,000 bpd while the Odessa refinery received some 40,000 bpd in 2008. (Editing by Anthony Barker)

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