COLOMBO, March 4 (Reuters) - Sri Lanka will initiate economic reforms in its next budget following a parliamentary election in April, after the IMF delayed a tranche of a $2.6 billion loan to add pressure on the government to rein in a budget deficit. [ID:SGE6220HA]
Here are some questions and answers on the implications of the IMF delay, announced late last month:
The IMF had approved the loan in a 20-month programme aiming for prudent fiscal management with certain quarterly targets after identifying Sri Lanka’s high deficit as a major weakness. Achieving the targets was required to get the loan payments in a scheduled eight tranches.
However, Sri Lanka failed to achieve its December quarter budget deficit target of reducing the end-2009 deficit to 7 percent of GDP. The deficit instead stood at 9.7 percent.
Though the global economic crisis had a significant impact on Sri Lanka’s 2009 revenue, political analysts say President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s government worsened the situation, and thus the deficit, in the fourth quarter by a populist tax-cutting policy ahead of January’s presidential poll, where Rajapaksa was reelected.
There was also an increase in government expenditure due to high wage bills for a bloated public sector, which analysts say boosted the ruling party’s vote base. Sri Lanka has a public sector of around 6 percent of the population.
Maintaining loss-making public institutions without reforms, high and unproductive subsidies, a government with over 110 ministers, and expenditures that make more political than economic sense are other factors in the deficit.
However, high spending also reflected the postwar rehabilitation and welfare costs for over 300,000 people displaced during the war between the government and Tamil Tiger insurgents, which ended with a government victory last year.
The IMF delay is expected to have an adverse impact on sentiment of foreign investors, closely monitoring Sri Lanka as a “frontier economy” since the end of the war. Analysts say many investors will take a wait-and-see approach until they are sure about a degree of political and economic stability under relatively prudent fiscal management.
Suspension of the IMF loan by either party could lead to rating downgrades, volatility in macroeconomic fundamentals, withdrawal of foreign funds from government securities, and increased borrowing cost for a planned 10-year, $500 million sovereign bond later this year.
Sources close to the IMF have told Reuters privately that the global lender will delay the third tranche until it sees signs of improvements in the country’s fiscal management.
If Rajapaksa, after the election, could implement reforms in taxes and public sector spending and efficiency, that could translate into deficit reductions satisfying the IMF.
WHAT ARE THE LIKELY REFORMS TO BE ANNOUNCED IN THE BUDGET?
Two government officials have said the reforms include broadening of the tax base, reducing and simplifying personal and corporate tax rates, increasing revenue through direct taxes, and restructuring state enterprises and the public sector with more productivity. The budget, expected to be presented between April 22 and May 7, is also likely to include some of the IMF recommendations for a prudent fiscal management in future. (Editing by Jerry Norton)