HELSINKI (Reuters) - Nokia NOK1V.HE said on Monday it will offer $8.1 billion for U.S.-based digital map supplier Navteq NVT.N in its largest takeover ever, but its shares dropped because investors regarded the deal as expensive.
The agreed deal would give the world’s top cellphone maker -- which is looking for new revenue sources as the cellphone industry matures -- a stronghold in the navigation business, one of the fastest growing segments in the technology industry.
“First and foremost I want to emphasize this is about growth,” Nokia’s Chief Financial Officer Rick Simonson told a conference call with analysts.
Nokia shares fell more than 4 percent on the news, but later recovered and were 2.2 percent lower at 26.07 euros by 11:14 a.m. EDT. Shares in Navteq were 1.3 percent lower at $76.99, just below Nokia’s offer of $78 per share.
Shares in Garmin GRMN.O, the world's largest maker of navigation devices, fell more than 13 percent as analysts had expected it would be buying Navteq.
But Navteq said Nokia made the best offer for the company.
Analysts said the deal would be good for Nokia in the long term, but the company is likely to be paying too much.
Nokia’s offer values Navteq at 8.6 times 2008 sales and 24.5 times 2008 earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), according to Reuters Estimates.
“It is very expensive. The stock is currently about 50 times the forward earnings, which is fairly pricey,” said analyst Richard Windsor from Nomura.
Nokia said it sees maps as a cornerstone of its new Internet services strategy, but the deal will also put it into head-to-head competition with mapping products of Internet giants Google GOOG.O and Yahoo! YHOO.O, with which Nokia has several partnership agreements.
“Nokia is betting big on Web 2.0 applications. The sheer scale of this acquisition means it is about much more than just turn-by-turn navigation,” said Ben Wood, head of research at consultancy CCS.
Nokia said it would finance around half of the deal with cash and rest with debt. It had 8.3 billion euros in cash and other liquid assets at end-June.
Nokia said the acquisition would not impact its large share buy-back program, or its future cash distribution strategy in terms of dividends and share buybacks.
Nokia said the takeover would weigh on its 2008 and 2009 reported earnings, but be slightly accretive in 2009.
TomTom shares were 4.6 percent higher at 57 euros, while Tele Atlas shares were 6 percent higher at 21.58 euros.
“Navteq has been shopping around and found Nokia’s offer to be the best, so a counterbid here seems unlikely. That also makes it likely that the merger between TomTom and Tele Atlas is going ahead,” said Fortis analyst Felix Oberdorfer.
Nokia bought into the navigation industry last year when it acquired German software firm Gate5, which uses map data from providers like Tele Atlas and Navteq.
Nokia credit default swaps were two basis points wider at 22.5 basis points after the announcement, according to Deutsche Bank prices, meaning it costs 22,500 euros a year to insure 10 million euros of Nokia debt against default.
Additional reporting by Sami Torma and Agnieszka Flak in Helsinki, Niclas Mika in Amsterdam and Richard Barley in London
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