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Intel new chip design saves power, boosts graphics

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Intel Corp's INTC.O latest chip design will conserve more power than its current processors and deliver vastly faster graphics images as the No. 1 chipmaker seeks to push its technology beyond just personal computers as that market slows.

Intel’s Core i7 chip, based on a design code-named Nehalem, will start production in the fourth quarter of this year, and ultimately will be used beyond just desktop machines and computer servers that are the backbone of corporate networks.

Pat Gelsinger, head of Intel’s digital enterprise group, on Tuesday demonstrated computers running core i7, at the Intel Developer Forum conference in San Francisco on Tuesday. He and Dadi Perlmutter, who heads Intel’s mobility group, both said Intel is counting on the proliferation of mobile devices -- such as handheld computers, super-slim laptops and smart phones -- that are connected to the Internet to help boost profits.

Perlmutter cited a goal of 1 billion mobile devices using basic Intel chip designs -- called Intel Architecture -- being sold in the next 10 years. Because of Intel’s recently launched, tiny, power-sipping Atom chip, battery life in Internet-connected devices will rise, they said.

Intel also recently started selling its Centrino 2 collection of chips used in notebook PCs that it says promise longer battery life. But new high-speed wireless connection technologies such as WiMax could hamper battery life.

“As much as we get more efficient in how we use the battery we’re always finding more ways to leech off the battery,” said Matt Eastwood, an analyst at market researcher IDC. “A lot of these technologies that will be living on the periphery like WiMax are going to be pretty battery hungry.”

Nehalem’s design will allow for microprocessors that can boost the speed of individual cores of a chip -- or electronic brains -- in response to the workload demand by diverting power from other parts of the chip that aren’t being used.

Intel also said that the Nehalem design boosts the speed at which data can be shunted from memory in the computer to the microprocessor. It achieved that by putting the memory-controller function into the microprocessor, rather than having the memory and the processor on two different chips. By doing so, Intel matched a capability that rival Advanced Micro Devices Inc AMD.N has used since 2003.

All of Intel’s processors will be based on the Nehalem microarchitecture starting in 2009, Intel has said.

Those and other design features allow for far faster processing of video editing and other visually intensive tasks on personal computers, as high-definition video and video games ever richer in graphics become more popular, Intel said.

“Their overall story about the increasing graphics intensity running on our desktops I think that’s absolutely true,” Eastwood said. “The vision they have there in terms of how they think that will all converge is credible to me.”

In an interview last week with Reuters, Intel Chief Financial Officer Stacy Smith said that the company’s Atom processors are off to a “very, very rapid start, far exceeding our expectations when we started the year.”

Atom is designed to go into low-cost gadgets that Intel calls Mobile Internet Devices and Netbook computers as well as other less expensive technology gizmos that consumers may find appealing as they tighten their wallets amid a weak economy.

But the market for MIDs is still young.

“In established markets (like Europe and the United States) where we have established ways of using computers, I’m not convinced something like the MID device will really take off,” Eastwood said.

Intel last month posted a 25 percent rise in quarterly profit, helped by strong sales of chips used in notebook computers, and gave a forecast that topped expectations at the time. It continues to do well despite a weak global economy, aided by market share gains against AMD.

Since July 15, when Intel posted quarterly results, shares of the company have climbed 14 percent. In regular Nasdaq trade on Tuesday, the stock fell 42 cents, or nearly 1.8 percent, to close at $23.59.

Editing by Carol Bishopric

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