World News

TIMELINE-Chaos in Somalia

(Reuters) - A suicide bomber in a car killed seven people near the home of Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi in the capital Mogadishu on Sunday but he was unhurt, security sources and witnesses said.

Here is a chronology of events in Somalia:

November 1991 - Power struggle after the overthrow of dictator Mohamed Siad Barre between clan warlords Mohamed Farah Aideed and Ali Mahdi Mohamed kills and wounds thousands of civilians.

December 1992 - U.N. Security Council endorses full-scale U.S.-led military operation. A week later U.S. Marines arrive on Mogadishu’s beaches in “Operation Restore Hope”.

October 1993 - Eighteen U.S. Army Rangers and one Malaysian are killed when Somali militias shoot down two U.S. helicopters in Mogadishu and a battle ensues. Hundreds of Somalis die in the fighting. Battle depicted in book and film “Black Hawk Down”. U.S. mission formally ends in March 1994.

October 2004 - In 14th attempt since 1991 to restore central government, lawmakers elect Ethiopian-backed warlord Abdullahi Yusuf as president. In December, Prime Minister Mohamed Ali Gedi swears in 27 ministers in Kenya.

February 2006 - Lawmakers arrive in the southern city of Baidoa for the first meeting of the country’s parliament on home soil.

June 2006 - The Somalia Islamic Courts Council (SICC) seizes the capital Mogadishu from U.S.-backed warlords and take control of parts of southern Somalia.

September 25 - Yusuf escapes a bomb attack that kills five outside parliament in Baidoa.

-- Islamist fighters take over the southern port of Kismayu, Somalia’s third largest city.

October 9 - Islamists declare holy war against Ethiopia, which they accuse of invading Somalia to help the government.

December 12 - Islamists tell Ethiopia to leave Somalia within seven days or face war. Fighting starts on December 19.

December 24 - Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi says he is waging war against the Islamists to protect his country’s sovereignty, Ethiopia’s first public admission of military involvement in Somalia.

December 28 - Islamists flee Mogadishu ahead of joint Ethiopian and Somali government force which captures the city.

January 8, 2007 - Yusuf arrives in Mogadishu for the first time since he became president in 2004.

-- U.S. aircraft strike the southern village of Hayo, where at least one al Qaeda suspect is thought to be sheltering. Ethiopian and Somali troops had chased the Islamists’ last remnants to the area.

February 20 - U.N. Security Council authorises an African Union (AU) peacekeeping mission for Somalia for six months.

March 1 - A Ugandan vanguard of an AU peace force to help the interim government flies into Baidoa.

March 22 - Somalia says al Qaeda has made Aden Hashi Ayro, a militant Islamist commander, its leader in Mogadishu.

March 29/April 1 - Ethiopian helicopter gunships fire rockets at insurgents’ strongholds in Mogadishu, the first use of aerial power in the capital.

May 1 - African Union peacekeepers patrol Mogadishu for the first time since the end of government clashes with insurgents that killed at least 1,300 people.

May 16 - A remote-controlled bomb kills four Ugandan peacekeepers and a civilian in Mogadishu as Islamist militants follow through on a threat to wage an Iraq-style insurgency.

June 1 - A U.S. Navy warship attacks a suspected al Qaeda target in Barga, in northern Somalia.

June 3 - Seven people are killed in a suicide bombing near Prime Minister Gedi’s residence in Mogadishu.