Asia Crisis

UK police say blast killed Pakistan's Bhutto

ISLAMABAD (Reuters) - British police investigating the murder of Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto concluded she was killed by a head injury caused by the impact of a bomb blast, not by a bullet, drawing scepticism from her close aides.

The British High Commission released a summary of their report on Friday, which backed the government’s version of the assassination in Rawalpindi city on December 27.

Bhutto’s assassination heightened fears of instability in nuclear-armed Pakistan. It also delayed an election that may lead to U.S. ally President Pervez Musharraf’s downfall if a hostile parliament emerges from the February 18 vote.

The British report also said Bhutto was probably killed by a lone assassin, who fired shots and detonated explosives, and was not attacked by two people as many Pakistanis had speculated.

“The only tenable cause for the rapidly fatal head injury in this case is that it occurred as the result of impact due to the effects of the bomb-blast,” British government pathologist Nathaniel Cary said in the report.

“In my opinion ... Benazir Bhutto died as a result of a severe head injury sustained as a consequence of the bomb-blast and due to head impact somewhere in the escape hatch of the vehicle,” he said, referring to the sunroof.

Scotland Yard’s conclusion drew scepticism from members of Bhutto’s Pakistan People’s Party who were with her when she was killed, and runs counter to what senior hospital officials say they were told privately by doctors who attended to Bhutto.

“We find it difficult to agree with the report about the cause of death, that she was not killed by the assassin’s bullet,” Sherry Rehman, the PPP spokeswoman who prepared Bhutto’s body for burial, told Reuters.

The PPP is expected to ride a wave of sympathy at the polls and, while it isn’t a presidential election, Musharraf’s position could be in jeopardy if the new parliament seeks his impeachment.

A man walks past a poster of slain Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto, near the site where she was killed in Rawalpindi January 4, 2008. REUTERS/Ahmad Masood

Campaigning so far has been low key, as many candidates are wary of leaving their homes because of the security threat.


Two-time prime minister Bhutto was killed as she stood up through the sunroof of her armoured land cruiser to wave to supporters as she left an election rally.

The government said she was killed when the force of the bomb blast smashed her head into a lever on the sunroof.

The controversy over how she was killed fuelled suspicion government agencies were involved.

The confusion was created, according to a Pakistani lawyer who requested anonymity, “to keep people thinking about something else rather than who did it.”

The government and the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) say Baitullah Mehsud, an al Qaeda-linked militant chief based on the Afghan border, was behind Bhutto’s killing.

Musharraf has denied the involvement of himself, intelligence agencies or the military, and asked Scotland Yard to join the probe after doubts arose over the government’s explanation.

But it was only tasked with investigating how Bhutto was killed, not who was behind it.

“She was assassinated in front of everybody. We need the culprits, we need the killers, we need to know who had a motive,” said Babar Awan, a senior PPP official and leading lawyer.

The report said establishing exactly what happened was complicated by the lack of an extended and detailed search of the scene of the attack, which was hosed down hours after she was killed, and the absence of an autopsy.

No autopsy was carried out, at the request of Bhutto’s family. Her husband, Asif Ali Zardari, said at the time an autopsy was unnecessary as it was clear Bhutto had been shot.

Scotland Yard investigators interviewed doctors who attended to Bhutto at Rawalpindi General Hospital, but there have been reports that they came under pressure beforehand.

The team that attended to Bhutto said she died from “an open head injury, with depressed skull fracture leading to cardiopulmonary arrest”, but did not say what caused the wounds.

Writing by Simon Cameron-Moore; Editing by Katie Nguyen