KABUL (Reuters) - Outgoing President Hamid Karzai on Tuesday blamed the United States for Afghanistan’s long war in a final swipe at the country that helped bring him to power 13 years ago but towards which he has become increasingly bitter.
His farewell speech came days ahead of the swearing in of a new president, Ashraf Ghani, after months of turmoil over a disputed election that ended in a power-sharing deal, yet to be tested, with rival Abdullah Abdullah who will fill the role of chief executive.
Karzai blamed both the United States and neighbouring Pakistan for the continuing war with the Taliban-led insurgency and warned the new government to be “extra cautious in relations with the U.S. and the West”.
The conflict kills thousands of Afghans each year and has claimed the lives of more than 2,200 American and other international forces in Afghanistan.
“One of the reasons was that the Americans did not want peace because they had their own agenda and objectives,” Karzai said. He did not elaborate, but in the past has suggested continued violence has been an excuse for the United States to keep bases in the country.
U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan James Cunningham called Karzai’s comments “ungracious and ungrateful”.
“It makes me kind of sad. His remarks, which were uncalled for, do a disservice to the American people and dishonour the sacrifices made by Americans here,” Cunningham said.
Karzai also accused Pakistani power players of trying to control his country’s foreign policy.
“Today, I tell you again that the war in Afghanistan is not our war, but imposed on us and we are the victims,” Karzai said. “No peace will arrive unless the U.S. or Pakistan want it.”
In recent years, Karzai has denounced the United States for the deaths of Afghan civilians in air strikes and for holding suspected Afghan militants prisoner without trial. The relationship deteriorated to near breaking point this year when Karzai refused to sign a security pact with the United States.
He said he had travelled to Pakistan, where much of the Taliban’s leadership is believed to be based, at least 20 times seeking a negotiated end to the war, but his efforts were thwarted.
Pakistan’s embassy in Kabul had no immediate comment on Karzai’s speech.
Karzai has been in power since 2001 after being plucked from virtual obscurity by the United States after the overthrow of the Taliban’s radical Islamist government for sheltering al Qaeda’s leadership after the 9/11 attacks on the United States.
The deterioration of his relationship with the West was seen by some as an effort to shape his legacy as an independent leader rather than a U.S. puppet as maintained by the Taliban.
Karzai was barred by the constitution from running for a third term this year.
Editing by Nick Macfie and Janet Lawrence