BRUSSELS/HAVANA (Reuters) - Spanish reservations over Gibraltar on Friday prevented the European Union clearing the last hurdle before the bloc signs off its Brexit deal with Britain, with Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez saying a summit on Sunday could be called off.
With four months left until Britain leaves the EU, the divorce treaty and an accompanying political declaration are due to be rubber-stamped in Brussels by British Prime Minister Theresa May and the other 27 EU leaders.
But Sanchez said on Friday evening he had yet to receive assurances that any future decisions on Gibraltar, a British overseas territory on Spain’s coast that Spain claims as its own, would be decided in direct talks with Madrid.
“The guarantees are still not enough and Spain maintains its veto to Brexit. If there is a deal, then it will be lifted,” he said during a trip to Cuba. “If there is no deal ... the European Council will most likely not take place.”
Spanish, British and Commission negotiators were still looking for a deal on Friday evening.
May will pick up the baton on Saturday evening when she meets in Brussels with Jean-Claude Juncker, head of the EU’s executive Commission, and European Council President Donald Tusk, who will chair the summit.
Spain has asked for changes to both the draft withdrawal treaty and the accompanying declaration on future ties.
At Sunday’s summit, the EU leaders would expect to endorse the treaty and approve the declaration by consensus, which means Spain in effect has the power to hold up the process.
May’s spokeswoman said London would work with the Spanish government on Gibraltar.
In Germany, a government spokesman was confident a solution would be found in time for Sunday’s summit.
Berlin had earlier said there could be no more technical negotiations at the summit, and that Chancellor Angela Merkel could skip it if all the texts are not ready in advance.
If everything goes to plan and the Brexit package is approved on Sunday, the EU will also promise to try to secure prompt ratification by the European Parliament “to provide for an orderly withdrawal”, according to a draft statement seen by Reuters.
However, the biggest obstacle to the Brexit accord is the vehement opposition in the British parliament. Without its approval, Britain could leave the bloc on March 29 without an agreement to mitigate economic and legal disruption.
Former Brexit minister Dominic Raab on Friday said he expected the House of Commons to vote the deal down.
Arlene Foster, the leader of the small Northern Irish DUP, which props up May’s minority government, said it would not support the deal as it stands.
May said that Britain would not get a better deal with the EU if it did not take this one.
Determined not to allow any redrafting to risk derailing the fragile process, EU states want to address Spain’s concerns in a separate statement by the 27 leaders on Sunday that would not be part of negotiations with Britain.
It could refer back to the EU’s 2017 Brexit mandate, which said that, after Brexit, “no agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom may apply to the territory of Gibraltar without the agreement between ... Spain and the United Kingdom”.
It would clarify that the EU’s reading of the corresponding paragraphs in the divorce treaty and the declaration on future ties is exactly that.
Other clauses in this separate statement say, according to a draft seen by Reuters, that the bloc would want to get a new deal on fisheries with Britain as a priority in talks on the broader trade relationship, to be agreed “well before” the end of Britain’s status-quo transition period after Brexit.
It adds that any such deal would build on the existing access of EU vessels to Britain’s rich fishing waters, something London wants to be firmly in control of.
It further highlights EU demands that Britain does not undercut labour, environmental or labour standards. It stresses the needs to safeguard expatriates’ rights, as well as the Paris climate accord.
EU diplomats hoped a text would be agreed late on Friday, but feared Sanchez would still want to discuss it at the top level on Sunday to demonstrate his determination at home ahead of a December regional election.
“It will only be done by the leaders,” said one diplomat.
The Brexit deal covers financial settlement, citizens’ rights and the Irish border, as well as setting a blueprint for future trade and security ties.
Additional reporting by Alastair Macdonald in Brussels, Belen Carreno and Julien Toyer in Madrid, Alistair Smout, Elizabeth Piper and William James in London, Thomas Escritt in Berlin, Padraic Halpin in Dublin; Writing by Gabriela Baczynska; Editing by Kevin Liffey