China to scrap business curbs on foreign banks, brokerages

BEIJING (Reuters) - China will remove business restrictions on foreign banks, brokerages and fund management firms, a cabinet meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang said on Wednesday, state television reported.

China's Premier Li Keqiang makes a speech during the closing ceremony of the 2019 International Horticultural Exhibition in Beijing, China October 9, 2019. Madoka Ikegami/Pool via REUTERS/Files

But the move, which comes nearly 18 years after China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO), could have limited impact on the competitive landscape of an industry dominated by China’s state firms.

China has stepped up efforts to open its financial sector amid a festering trade war with the United States, with increased access to its financial sector among a host of demands from Washington.

Last week, China announced a firm timetable for opening its futures, brokerage and mutual fund sectors fully to foreign investors next year, as Beijing and Washington reached a tentative deal to resolve their trade dispute.

The cabinet did not elaborate on what effect the removal of the curbs would have. On Tuesday, the cabinet relaxed management rules for foreign insurers and banks, giving them easier access to China, and wider business scope.

China will also support local governments’ efforts to attract more foreign investment and allow foreign companies to be more flexible in choosing how they borrow funds from abroad, the cabinet said.

China will not allow forced technology transfers by foreign firms, it said.

Stabilising foreign investment is part of Beijing’s policies to support the slowing economy that has been hit by the country’s trade war with the United States.


In 2007, HSBC Holdings HSBA.L, Standard Chartered Bank STAN.L, Bank of East Asia 0023.HK and Citigroup C.N became the first foreign banks allowed to set up locally-incorporated subsidiaries in China as Beijing gradually opened up the sector.

But hampered by numerous restrictions on business scopes and operations such as outlet openings, the roughly 40 foreign banks with local units operating in China account for a tiny fraction of a market dominated by state-owned rivals such as Industrial and Commercial Bank of China 601398.SS and Bank of China 601988.SS.

"Many people say 'the wolves are coming', but my observation is that...through opening, Chinese regulators intend to introduce technology and talents, but it doesn't mean foreign players can grab a big market share in China," Xin He, Societe Generale's SOGN.PA China head of global markets told a financial conference over the weekend.

He added that the French bank has retreated from its retail business in China after realising that “foreign banks cannot compete with Chinese players in this business segment.”

In the securities sector, China last year relaxed rules to allow foreign brokerages to own a majority stake in Chinese ventures. China said last week foreign ownership limits in the sector will be scrapped completely on Dec. 1, 2020. UBS Group UBSG.S, JPMorgan Chase JPM.N and Japan's Nomura Holdings 8604.T have obtained regulatory approval to set up majority-owned China ventures.

But China has yet to open more sensitive areas of its financial industry. U.S. payments card giants Mastercard Inc MA.N and Visa Inc V.N are still awaiting regulatory approval to conduct yuan clearing business in the country.

China’s economic growth is expected to slow to a near 30-year low of 6.2% this year and cool further to 5.9% in 2020, a Reuters poll showed, even as Beijing steps up policy stimulus.

The government has been leaning heavily on fiscal stimulus to support the economy, including rolling out big tax cuts and increased spending on infrastructure investment.

Tax and fee cuts amounted to 1.5 trillion yuan ($211.32 billion) in the first eight months, which has helped ease the burden on firms, boost incomes and employment, with full-year reductions set to exceed 2 trillion yuan, the cabinet said.

The government will also support local governments facing fiscal difficulties to ensure wage payments, the cabinet said.

Reporting by Beijing Monitoring Desk and Kevin Yao; Additional reporting by Samuel Shen; Editing by Alison Williams and Jacqueline Wong