Erdogan visits Northern Cyprus, calls for two-state solution for island

ISTANBUL (Reuters) - Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan called for an equal “two-state” solution in Cyprus during a visit on Sunday to the breakaway Turkish Cypriot north of the island, drawing a rebuke from the internationally recognised government in the south.

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and Turkish Cypriot leader Ersin Tatar attend a ceremony marking the 37th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, a breakway state recognized only by Turkey, in northern Nicosia, Cyprus November 15, 2020. Mustafa Oztartan/Presidential Press Office/Handout via REUTERS

Erdogan also said Turkey and Northern Cyprus would no longer tolerate what he called “diplomacy games” in an international dispute over rights to offshore resources in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Cyprus has been split along ethnic lines since a Turkish invasion in 1974 triggered by a brief Greek-inspired coup. Only Ankara recognises Northern Cyprus as an independent state and it has no diplomatic relations with the government of Cyprus, which is a member of the European Union.

“Our priority is to ensure a fair, lasting and sustainable solution” in Cyprus that ensures Turkish Cypriots have security and legal rights, Erdogan told an audience after his arrival.

“A two-state solution must be negotiated on the basis of sovereign equality,” he added.

United Nations-mediated peace talks on Cyprus broke down in 2017.

Erdogan was visiting Northern Cyprus after Ersin Tatar, who also supports a two-state solution, won last month’s presidential election. Tatar’s predecessor had backed reunification of the island.

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Cyprus called Erdogan’s visit “provocative and illegal”.

“Ankara has absolutely no respect for international law, European principles and values, and its obligations towards the EU,” the Cypriot presidency said in a statement.


Erdogan later visited Varosha, a beach town that has been fenced-off and abandoned in no-man’s land since 1974.

Ankara backed the partial re-opening of Varosha just before last month’s election in a move criticised by the United States, Greece and Greek Cypriots.

Turkey has increasingly flexed its military muscle in the region, including by backing Azerbaijan in its renewed conflict with Armenia over the past few weeks.

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Erdogan alluded to Turkey’s dispute with EU members Greece and Cyprus and with other neighbours over territorial waters in the eastern Mediterranean.

The EU has threatened to impose sanctions on Turkey next month over illegal exploration at sea.

“Neither we nor Northern Cyprus can tolerate diplomacy games (in the region) anymore,” Erdogan said.

He added that Tatar would soon visit Azerbaijan - which does not recognise Northern Cyprus - to “make the situation better”, without elaborating.

Tatar backed Erdogan’s calls for a two-state solution and offshore rights.

Reporting by Jonathan Spicer and Irem Koca; Additional reporting by Michele Kambas in Athens; Editing by Gareth Jones