(Reuters) - Chinese President Hu Jintao holds talks with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Tuesday as the world’s two most populous nations hope to transform their cagey friendship into a trusting relationship.
Here is a chronology of relations between China and India since 1949:
1949 - India becomes the second non-communist nation after Burma, now Myanmar, to recognise the People’s Republic of China.
1950 - China and India establish diplomatic relations.
1954 - China and India sign the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence or Panchsheel, assuring each other’s territorial integrity and peaceful coexistence.
1959 - Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama flees with an estimated 80,000 followers and establishes a “government-in-exile” in India.
1962 - India and China fight brief border war, with New Delhi suffering defeat.
1975 - China condemns the merger of Sikkim with India.
1976 - India and China restore full diplomatic ties after a 15-year hiatus.
1979 - Indian Foreign Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee visits China.
1981 - Chinese Foreign Minister Huang Hu visits India and both countries begin an annual dialogue.
1984 - India and China sign the Most Favoured Nation trade agreement in Beijing.
1986 - Beijing condemns India’s move to make Arunachal Pradesh, bordering China, a full fledged state.
1988 - Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi visits China. Both nations agree to set up a joint working group on boundary disputes.
1991 - Chinese Premier Li Peng leaves India after milestone visit, the first by a Chinese premier in 31 years.
1993 - Indian Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao visits China.
1995 - India and China agree to pull back their troops in the eastern sector.
1996 - Chinese President Jiang Zemin visits India and both nations agree to reduce troops on their disputed border and avoid the use of force against each other.
1998 - India conducts nuclear tests. Hot words are exchanged with Beijing after Defence Minister George Fernandes says that China is a key security threat.
2000 - India and China sign a bilateral trade pact to facilitate Beijing’s early entry into the WTO.
2002 - Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji visits India.
2003 - China, India reach de facto agreement over status of Tibet and Sikkim during a landmark visit by Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee.
2004 - Sikkim ceases to be an issue as Chinese foreign ministry’s annual yearbook no longer figures it as an “independent nation”.
2005 - Visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao backs India’s bid for a permanent seat in the U.N. Security Council.
May 2006 - China and India pledge to deepen military exchanges during a visit by Indian Defence Minister Pranab Mukherjee.
July 2006 - The Nathu La pass, linking the northeastern Indian state of Sikkim with Tibet in China, is reopened for trade after being closed for 44 years.
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