FREETOWN, March 7 - Sierra Leone voters queued for hours in steamy humidity on Wednesday to elect a new leader they hope will bring an end to years of economic crisis caused by the twin shocks of a commodities slump and an Ebola epidemic.
President Ernest Bai Koroma is stepping aside after his maximum two terms in office, and sixteen candidates are vying to replace him, of whom four are seen as having a realistic chance.
Despite the high turnout on a steamy day, voting generally went smoothly before the polls closed and the counting process began.
National Election Watch, a coalition of independent election monitors, said in a mid-day report that most polling places opened on time and reported few problems.
Adama Sesay, a widow with six children, was so anxious to get to the polling station that she left her house at five.
“I am a single parent and things are not easy for me economically,” she told Reuters at a polling station in Waterloo, a village nestled in palm trees and forest on the outskirts of the capital Freetown.
“In Sierra Leone we are far behind some other countries in Africa, which are making progress,” Sesay said.
The Ebola crisis in 2014 and 2015 and the global commodities downturn dragged Sierra Leone’s economy into the doldrums. It shrank by a fifth in 2015, after years of double-digit growth during its rebound from a ruinous 1990s civil war in which child soldiers fought and tens of thousands died.
Since then, growth has been sluggish and many hope Koroma’s 10-year stint will be followed by a leader who can do more to improve the lives of citizens on the poverty line.
“I see out there people responding to calls we have made, people behaving in a manner that is democratic and I see our people are transforming the country,” Koroma said, casting his vote in Freetown’s Goderich district.
At one polling station in Freetown, police fired tear gas to disperse a crowd after rumours of voting irregularities circulated, a Reuters witness said, but the incident appeared to be an isolated one.
Politics has been dominated by two parties since independence from Britain in 1961: the ruling All People’s Congress, now fielding ex-foreign minister Samura Kamara, and the Sierra Leone People’s Party behind Julius Maada Bio, who briefly ruled as head of a military junta in 1996.
But two candidates from younger parties - former United Nations Under-Secretary Kandeh Yumkella and Samuel Sam-Sumana - are seen as having a strong chance if they can garner enough votes from disaffected younger people tired of the status quo.