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World News

FACTBOX-Where past Middle East peace talks faltered

(Reuters) - The United States is hosting a peace conference in Annapolis, Maryland, on Tuesday aimed at launching long-stalled talks on Palestinian statehood.

Here are some facts about previous efforts to make peace in the Middle East and where they faltered.

SEPTEMBER 1993, OSLO ACCORDS

- Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin sign deal on limited Palestinian self-rule in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip, but delay talks about core issues of who controls Jerusalem, the drawing of borders and the possible return of Palestinian refugees.

- Arafat’s Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) recognises Israel’s right to exist and renounces violence. Israeli troops withdraw from some Palestinian areas.

JULY 2000, CAMP DAVID

- U.S. President Bill Clinton attempts to broker deal between Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak.

- Talks focus on proposals to create a state in just over 90 percent of the West Bank including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip, with land swaps for Jewish West Bank settlements.

- Arafat rejects proposal, seeking Palestinian sovereignty over East Jerusalem including Muslim holy sites, and right of return for refugees who fled what is now Israel in 1948.

- Talks collapse and second Palestinian Intifida breaks out.

DECEMBER 2000, CLINTON’S PARAMETERS

Seeking to revive the peace process, Clinton asks both sides to accept a series of principles as basis for further talks.

These include:

- Palestinian state in Gaza and 94-96 percent of West Bank territory, plus 1-3 percent land swap and a “safe passage” link between the two areas.

- Palestinian sovereignty over Jerusalem’s Temple Mount, revered by Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif, with Israeli sovereignty over Jewish Western Wall.

- New state of Palestine should be home to refugees but Israel could accept some of them. Compensation proposed.

JANUARY 2001, TABA TALKS

- Barak launches last-ditch talks in Egyptian resort ahead of Israeli elections and on basis of Clinton proposals.

- Negotiators fail to broker agreement but say they have “never been closer” to a deal. Two sides vow to seek further talks but Barak is voted out of office.

Writing by Rebecca Harrison; Editing by Alison Williams

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