UPDATE 1-Ukraine sanctions TV channels to counter Russian "propaganda"

    * Kremlin criticises sanctions imposed on TV channels 
    * Moscow and Kyiv at loggerheads since Crimea annexation
    * U.S. backs efforts to counter Russian influence

 (Adds comment by Medvedchuk, U.S. embassy and Kremlin)
    By Pavel Polityuk and Ilya Zhegulev
    KYIV, Feb 3 (Reuters) - Ukrainian President Volodymyr
Zelenskiy has imposed sanctions  on several
opposition-supporting television and media companies his
government accuses of being financed by Moscow and a
Russian-leaning politician.
    A presidential decree, published late on Tuesday, said
"special economic and other restrictive measures" would be
imposed against Taras Kozak, a lawmaker from the Opposition
Platform — For Life faction, and eight media and TV companies.
    The decree did not explain the decision. Kozak is the listed
owner of the three TV channels covered and Ukrainian media said
they were associated with Viktor Medvedchuk, an opposition
figure seen as an ally of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    Zelenskiy said the move was necessary to counter "propaganda
financed by the aggressor country". 
    Kyiv and Moscow have been at loggerheads since Russia's
annexation of Crimea from Ukraine in 2014 and its involvement in
a conflict in eastern Ukraine.
   Kozak and Medvedchuk said the move was illegal. Medvedchuk
told Reuters by telephone it was designed to deflect from
Zelenskiy's falling political ratings and what they depicted as
policy blunders on fighting poverty and the COVID-19 pandemic.
    "When political experts appear on the channels and interview
citizens on the street, this infuriated the president," he said.
"Ukraine is in a terrible economic, social and political
    Supporting Ukraine's efforts to counter Russian influence,
the U.S. embassy said: "We must all work together to prevent
disinformation from being deployed as a weapon in an information
war against sovereign states."
    Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the decision "does not
correspond to either international norms and standards, or the
general understanding of freedom of the media."
    Zelenskiy's spokeswoman, Iuliia Mendel, said the sanctioned
media had become a tool in the war against Ukraine, adding that
Ukraine had evidence the channels received funding from Russia.
The channels have not commented on that accusation.
    The sanctions against Kozak, imposed for five years, limit
his ability to use and dispose of property and to withdraw
capital from Ukraine. They also revoke the licences he holds for
the TV channels.
    The media organisations and TV channels are prohibited from
broadcasting and their assets blocked. All three channels went
off air on Wednesday morning.

 (Additional reporting by Natalia Zinets in Kyiv and Andrew
Osborn in Moscow; Editing by Alex Richardson, Matthias Williams
and Timothy Heritage)