February 20, 2011 / 11:29 AM / 8 years ago

Factbox: Civilian casualties in Afghanistan

ASADABAD (Reuters) - Joint operations by Afghan forces and NATO-led foreign forces have killed 64 civilians in eastern Kunar province, including many women and children, over the past four days, the governor of Kunar said on Sunday.

Following are some major incidents which have led to large numbers of civilian casualties in Afghanistan:

JALALABAD, NANGARHAR PROVINCE:

On February 19, 2011, at least 40 people including Afghan security forces and civilians were killed and more than 70 wounded when seven insurgents attacked a bank in the eastern city of Jalalabad, provincial officials said. Three suicide bombers blew themselves up inside a branch of the Kabulbank, which handles salaries for Afghan security forces, while four others dressed as Afghan border police battled troops for hours.

SPIN BOLDAK, KANDAHAR PROVINCE:

On January 7, 2011, at least 16 civilians and one police commander were killed by a suicide bomber inside a public bathhouse in southern Kandahar province, provincial officials said.

DELARAM, NIMROZ PROVINCE:

On July 28, 2010, at least 25 Afghan passengers were killed and more than 20 others wounded when a roadside bomb ripped through their bus in the Delaram district of western Nimroz province, Afghan officials said.

SANGIN, HELMAND PROVINCE:

On July 23, 2010, at least 45 Afghan civilians, many women and children were killed in a NATO rocket attack in the Sangin district of southern Helmand province, President Hamid Karzai’s spokesman Siamak Herawi said.

Herawi said the civilians were crammed into a mud-walled house after fleeing the fighting between NATO-led forces and Taliban insurgents.

CHAR DARA, KUNDUZ PROVINCE:

On September 4, 2009, a NATO air strike called in by German forces in the northern province of Kunduz killed at least 30 civilians, according to the Afghan government. President Karzai said the strike was “wrong” and the incident became a major domestic political issue in Germany that led to the German defense minister at the time stepping down.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel apologized for the strike and the families of the victims are seeking millions of euros in compensation from the German government.

BALA BOLUK, FARAH PROVINCE:

On May 4, 2009, U.S. air strikes on compounds in the villages of Geraani and Ganjabad led to the deaths of an estimated 140 civilians, according to the Afghan government. The U.S. military put the civilian toll at 26 and defended the strikes as an “appropriate means to destroy the enemy threat.” The incident sparked outrage among Afghans and Karzai, and led the head of NATO forces at the time to revise military directives on avoiding civilian casualties.

KHOST AND KUNAR PROVINCES:

In one week in mid-April 2009, two air strikes by U.S. forces killed 11 civilians in separate incidents in the eastern provinces of Khost and Kunar. U.S. forces later acknowledged they killed six civilians in Kunar province and five civilians in Khost province.

SHINDAND, HERAT PROVINCE:

On August 22, 2008, a raid by U.S. forces in western Herat province led to 90 civilian deaths, according to the Afghan government. The strike was widely condemned by rights groups and caused uproar among Afghans. The U.S. military has disputed the Afghan government’s account and says up to seven civilians were killed.

KHOSHAMAND, PAKTIKA PROVINCE:

On January 19, 2001, 20 civilians, including 13 children and six women, were killed when their motorized rickshaw was hit by a roadside bomb in southeastern Paktika province, Afghan and NATO officials said.

Compiled by Hamid Shalizi; Editing by Paul Tait

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