BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) - Alberto Fernandez has pulled off something of a coup. The fixer and confidante of presidents, little known outside Argentine political circles just half a year ago, took on the top job in Latin American’s No. 3 economy on Tuesday.
The moderate Peronist, a fan of Bob Dylan, after whom he named his brown-and-white collie, now needs to pull off an even tougher maneuver with the country gripped by default fears, inflation and flat-lined growth.
Fernandez, who beat out the conservative incumbent Mauricio Macri in an October election, was sworn into office on Tuesday, a meteoric rise for the university professor who was announced as a candidate in May by his higher-profile running mate, ex-President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.
“We know we will be traveling a narrow, complex, challenging path where there is room neither for magic dogmas nor for sectarian infighting,” Fernandez said in his speech to Congress.
People who know Fernandez say his negotiating skills honed over years as a political operator will be key.
“He is an intelligent man, with good training, who listens, who dialogues, who defends his point of view,” said former Foreign Minister Jorge Taiana, who between 2003 and 2008 served in the same cabinet as 60-year-old lawyer and teacher Fernandez.
“I never saw him have a dogmatic position.”
Beyond the election, the country is set for complex discussions with its creditors, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), after a crash in the peso currency left Argentina on the edge of default as reserves sank and borrowing costs jumped.
That crash was sparked ironically by Fernandez’s own, unexpected landslide victory in a primary election vote against Macri in August, as investors worried about his populist running mate and question marks over Fernandez’s own policy views.
TIMES THEY ARE A-CHANGIN’
Fernandez’s flexibility has helped him unite the nebulous Peronist political flank, his gentler, man-of-the-people image helping lure middle-ground voters worried about the return of the divisive Fernández de Kirchner.
He had continued to oversee exams until recently at the University of Buenos Aires, where he teaches.
In a reflection of his chameleon-like mutability, Fernández has been both a lawmaker for Buenos Aires in a party of neo-liberals, a Peronist chief of staff and part of the Radical Civic Union party in the 1980s.
That is reflected in an eclectic taste in music. Behind the austere mustache and formal suit he wears as a law school professor, Fernandez hides a rock-loving musician who turns to the guitar every time Argentine politics let up.
He is a “music freak, a very cultured guy,” Argentine rock pioneer Lito Nebbia - an idol and later a friend - said of the Peronist candidate in a radio interview this year.
Asked about his ideological influences, Fernández said in a radio interview that they included more obvious political thinkers such as former President Juan Peron, the ideological father of Peronism, but also a string of South American and North American musicians.
“But there’s also a lot of Nebbia, Bob Dylan, Joan Báez, and El Flaco (Luis Alberto) Spinetta,” said Fernandez, who as a 16-year-old teenager grew his mustache in honor of Nebbia and even took guitar lessons with him.
A REAL PERONIST?
A big question for many - investors, farmers and voters - has been how burnished are Fernandez’s Peronist credentials? Their concerns range from fears he could be a puppet for more extreme “Kirchnerist” views to worries he’s not Peronist enough.
Peronism is a broad political movement that spans across the political spectrum but is grounded in an idea of “social justice.”
“I don’t like him. In his head he’s not a Peronist. Alberto’s economics are neo-liberal,” Guillermo Moreno, a former secretary of commerce who was in the cabinet with Fernandez for years, said earlier this year.
Fernández, raised in a family of lawyers, has worked within Peronism for years. He was chief of staff under husband-and-wife pair Néstor Kirchner from 2003-2007, and the first year of Cristina Fernández, who ruled from 2007 until 2015.
Fernandez is also a fanatic for Argentinos Juniors soccer club, whose stadium stands a few blocks from the house where he grew up in the Villa del Parque neighborhood of Buenos Aires.
The relationship with his running mate is also complex. He was sharply critical of Cristina Fernández during her administration, which saw the introduction of populist policies including currency controls, as well as limits and taxes slapped onto farm imports.
The pair reconciled last year and have used their differences to great effect to sweep back into the Casa Rosada presidential palace. Whether it lasts is another question.
“Until the (mid-term) elections in 2021 there will be no problems, the alliance will be maintained. But I don’t know what will happen in 2023,” a source close to Fernández de Kirchner told Reuters, referring to the next general election.
For now, Fernandez is basking in the glow of leading what was a fragmented Peronist opposition back to power.
“Alberto is just the best candidate,” deputy José Luis Gioja, leader of the Peronist Justicialist Party (PJ), told Reuters. “He greatly helped the unity of the PJ and the country’s progressives.”
Reporting by Nicolas Misculin; Editing by Adam Jourdan, Daniel Wallis, Jane Wardell and Dan Grebler
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