(Reuters) - Since Tesla Inc (TSLA.O) announced late last year that it planned to come to market by 2019 with an all-electric Class 8 big rig truck called the Semi, other companies have unveiled their own plans to do the same. Here is a list of the planned vehicles:
- Volvo AB (VOLVb.ST) will begin production of its first fully-electric commercial truck this year, and it is expected to be sold next year for short-haul operations in Europe. The truck maker plans to sell a vehicle based on the same drivetrain technology in North America starting in 2020.
Under a deal with California, Volvo will deploy some all-battery Class 8 electric demonstration models in the state next year.- Korea’s Hyundai Motor Co (005380.KS) has partnered with Swiss hydrogen company H2 Energy to sell 1,000 hydrogen fuel-cell electric trucks with a range of around 400 kilometers (249 miles) starting in 2019.
Hyundai commercial vehicle director Mark Freymueller told Reuters Hyundai is looking at launching in the United States, China and parts of Europe where regulations restricting diesel trucks will take effect in the years ahead.
- U.S.-based Navistar is working with part-owner Volkswagen AG (VOWG_p.DE) on electric trucks, along with major suppliers including U.S. engine maker Cummins Inc (CMI.N), integrated systems maker Meritor Inc (MTOR.N) and power management company Eaton Corp (ETN.N).
Navistar plans to provide tester models with a range of around 100 miles to major customers in 2019 and aims for “low-volume” production in early 2020, said Denny Mooney, Navistar’s vice president of engineering.
- Salt Lake City, Utah-based startup Nikola Motor Company has partnered with suppliers including Bosch Corp ROBSCJ.UL Meritor and Wabco Holdings Inc (WBC.N). Nikola’s trucks have a range of 500 miles to 1,200 miles depending on the weather, terrain and load, and the company has around $11 billion in pre-orders, CEO Trevor Milton said.
Nikola’s two largest customers are Anheuser Busch InBev NB (ABI.BR), which has pre-ordered up to 800 trucks and trucker U.S. Xpress Enterprises Inc (USX.N), which has ordered an undisclosed number. Nikola will build couple of dozen test trucks in 2019, and around 100 more trucks in 2020.
- Daimler AG (DAIGn.DE) will launch its 250-mile range eCascadia in 2021, which is aimed at regional distribution and port services. Daimler said it will deliver a total of 30 prototypes to customers later this year for field-testing and expects to have the trucks in production in 2021.
Stuttgart-based Daimler will invest more than 2.5 billion euros ($2.9 billion) in R&D for its truck operations by 2019, with more than 500 million euros earmarked for electric heavy-duty commercial vehicles, connectivity and self-driving technology.
- Japan’s Toyota Motor Corp (7203.T) is testing two prototype hydrogen fuel-cell electric trucks in “drayage” operations at California’s Los Angeles and Long Beach ports, which are served by more than 17,000 registered trucks.
As a key advantage, Toyota claims is its hydrogen cells refuel about as fast as a diesel truck, while battery-electric trucks take hours to recharge.
With some funding from the state of California, Toyota will build another 10 semi trucks in cooperation with Paccar Inc (PCAR.O) unit Kenworth.
Toyota executives have declined to provide a timeline for production.
Reporting by Nick Carey; Editing by Tom Brown