December 1994 - Protesters demand release of Sheikh Ali Salman, a Shi’ite Moslem cleric arrested after distributing leaflets calling for restoring parliament dissolved in 1975.
January 1995 - Bahrain deports Sheikh Salman and two other clergymen.
April 1995 - Three Shi’ite Moslem clergymen are arrested including the influential Sheikh Abdul-Amir al-Jamri, triggering clashes with police that residents said led to at least one man being killed and 16 injured.
September 1995 - Jamri is freed. Jamri was blamed for fanning five months of unrest by protesters demanding the release of political prisoners and the restoration of parliament. The violence died down in April.
January 1996 - Interior Ministry summons eight opposition leaders including Sheikh Jamri and warns them to stop using mosques to fan anti-government protests or face legal action.
— Bahrain Defense Force says it is ready to intervene to end protests “once and for all.” The army also hints martial law might be imposed.
— Bahrain arrests eight Shi’ite opposition leaders, including Sheikh Jamri, for inciting protests.
March 1999 - Ruler Sheikh Isa bin Sulman al-Khalifa dies on March 6 and his son Sheikh Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa takes over, vowing to pursue his late father’s policies.
February 2001 - Bahraini men and women vote overwhelmingly in support of landmark reforms in a referendum.
— Bahrain abolishes controversial emergency laws as part of landmark reforms, meeting a key opposition demand.
February 2002 - Sheikh Hamad announces that municipal elections will be held in May followed in October by the first parliamentary elections in 27 years.
October 2002 - Bahrainis ignore an opposition boycott and vote in their first parliament in 30 years.
May 2004 - The king sacks his interior minister after police attack a demonstration to protest against the U.S.-led forces in Iraqi holy Shi’ite cities, with more than 20 people hurt.
November 2006 - Main Shi’ite Muslim opposition wins 17 of parliament’s 40 seats in new elections but the group says it doubts the strong showing will yield much political power.
September 2010 - Bahrain accuses more than 20 Shi’ite opposition leaders, arrested in a broad crackdown, of plotting to overthrow the Gulf state’s monarchy.
October 2010 - Bahrain’s main Shi’ite opposition group, Wefaq wins all 18 seats it contested in a parliamentary vote seen to have little impact on the Sunni-run country.
February 14, 2011 - Anti-government “Day of Rage” in Bahrain stimulated by popular upheaval in Egypt and Tunisia. One protester is killed. The next day another person is killed when police clash with mourners at the funeral of the protester.
February 17, 2011 - Bahrain police storm Pearl roundabout, the focal point of protests, on a Manama square, to clear activists camped out there. At least seven people are killed.
February 26 - Hardline Shi’ite dissident, Hassan Mushaimaa, is allowed to return as part of several concessions by the ruling al-Khalifa family to Bahrain’s majority Shi’ites.
March 3 - Tensions turn to clashes between Sunnis and Shi’ites in Bahrain, the first direct confrontation between the two communities since February’s large scale protests.
March 7 - Bahrain’s crown prince warns all sides against escalating a standoff with disgruntled Shi’ites seeking an elected government, asking for patience ahead of dialogue.
March 15 - Bahrain declares martial law, a day after Saudi troops enter Bahrain. The United Arab Emirates also says it will send 500 police.
March 16 - Bahraini forces crack down on protesters, clearing hundreds from the camp that had become the symbol of an uprising by the island’s Shi’ite Muslim majority.
— The military impose a curfew across most parts of the capital and ban all public gatherings and demonstrations across the country. Hospital sources say three policemen and two protesters are killed in the assault.