BRUSSELS (Reuters) - The European Union has imposed anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties on imports of biodiesel from the United States, the latest in a series of trade frictions between the two trading giants.
From Friday, U.S. firms exporting biodiesel into the EU will have to pay additional anti-dumping tariffs of up to 29 percent, and anti-subsidy duties of between 29 and 41 percent for an initial six months, the EU said in its Official Journal.
“The level of the measures, which are applied together, is set at between 211.20 euros ($269.9) and 237.00 euros per tonne for the anti-subsidy duties and between 23.60 euros and 208.20 euros per tonne for the anti-dumping measures,” the European Commission said in a statement.
For the antidumping decision click on: here
For the anti-subsidy decision click on: here
The EU executive, which oversees trade policy for the 27-nation bloc, must decide within the next six months whether to impose “definitive duties” for at least five years, which must then be approved by trade ministers.
Imports from the United States into Europe are larger than from any other country and increased to more than 1.5 million tonnes last year from about 7,000 tonnes in 2005.
Thursday’s announcement is the latest in a series of transatlantic trade spats dogging relations between Brussels and Washington ranging from an EU ban on imports of U.S. chlorinated chicken, hormone-treated beef to U.S. action against European gambling firms.
The EU has expressed dissatisfaction with the inclusion of a so-called “Buy American” clause in a U.S. stimulus plan as the Group of 20 industrial and emerging economies pledged to avoid protectionist measures to deal with the global economic crisis.
Washington and the U.S. biodiesel industry have described the European biodiesel complaint a “protectionist ploy.”
“This is a flawed decision. The imposition of provisional duties is nothing more than a politically expedient effort to appease the protectionist whims of the European biodiesel industry,” Manning Feraci, Vice President of Federal Affairs for the U.S. National Biodiesel Board, said.
But a Commission spokesman said the imposition of anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures “are not about protectionism, they are about fighting unfair trade.”
“This decision was taken on the basis of clear evidence that unfair subsidization and dumping of US biodiesel has taken place, and that this is harming otherwise competitive EU industry, with potentially dire long-term effects,” spokesman for trade Lutz Guellner said.
The Commission carried out an investigation into imports of U.S. biodiesel last year following a complaint from EU producers of biodiesel — by far the main biofuel produced in Europe — who said they were being hammered by U.S. subsidies.
Such subsidies distort the growing international trade in plant-based fuels, the EU producers said.
The European Biodiesel Board (EBB) described the Commission’s decision as “a decisive move for the European biodiesel industry.”
“It will re-establish the level playing field that our producers have long hoped for ... the need to put an end to obvious unfair trade practices critically affecting the viability of a major EU industry,” EBB Secretary General Raffaello Garofalo said in a statement.
Additional reporting by Roberta Rampton in Washington; editing by James Jukwey and Sue Thomas