LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - British consumers swapping red meat for chicken as part of a greener lifestyle may be unwittingly contributing to the razing of rainforests, Greenpeace said on Tuesday.
With sales of chicken rising in Britain, the environmental pressure group warned of the hidden climate impact of raising the birds, whose feed is mainly grown in South America.
That, says Greenpeace, means rising consumption could further endanger the rainforests, which are already shrinking by millions of hectares each year.
“I really don’t think consumers are aware of this link to the extent they should be,” said Chiara Vitali, the lead author of the report.
“The message that has been coming across so far is that we need to be cutting red meat so it’s OK to switch to something like chicken and unfortunately that is not the case,” she added, urging consumers instead to eat more plant-based food.
Over the past 20 years demand for beef, lamb and pork has fallen sharply in Britain, according to Greenpeace analysis of official household purchase data, but that has been offset by a 20% increase in consumption of chicken.
A survey by Leatherhead Food Research published in September found consumers are buying less red meat due to concerns over health and the impact on the climate.
But Greenpeace said demand for the soybeans that are used to make poultry feed was helping to drive destruction of South American forests that act as carbon sinks.
A survey of 23 leading British supermarkets, fast-food restaurants and food companies found none were tracking whether soy used for animal feed in their supply chains was linked to deforestation, it said.
About 68% of Britain’s soy imports come from South America, according to data from a government-led initiative to encourage sustainable soy. About 90% of the soy the European Union imports is used to feed livestock.
British shops were working to combat deforestation and increase the use of certified sustainable soy in supply chains, said the British Retail Consortium in response to the report.
UKHospitality, the industry group that represents restaurants and cafes, was not available for comment.
Global Canopy, an environmental group that works with companies to halt deforestation, has said the loss of tropical forests creates an estimated 8% of all greenhouse gas emissions.
Sarah Rogerson, a researcher at Global Canopy’s Forest 500 initiative to rate leading firms on their action on deforestation, said the Greenpeace report underscored the failure of many businesses to be transparent about sourcing.
“Quite a lot of companies have made commitments, but our evidence suggests that very few are actually providing enough transparency about what they are doing,” she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
“The picture is even worse for indirect soy in animal feed, manufacturers and retailers often have commitments or report only on the soy that ends up directly in their products, so they are not looking at the deforestation risk in the animal feed.”
Reporting by Sonia Elks @soniaelks; Editing by Claire Cozens. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's and LGBT+ rights, human trafficking, property rights, and climate change. Visit news.trust.org
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