Explainer: What is a Queen's Speech and why has UK PM Johnson called one?

LONDON (Reuters) - British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is calling a Queen’s Speech for Oct. 14, a move his opponents say is an attempt to limit opposition to Brexit weeks before the country is due to leave the European Union.

FILE PHOTO: Britain's Queen Elizabeth delivers the Queen's Speech during the State Opening of Parliament in central London, Britain June 21, 2017. REUTERS/Stefan Rousseau/Pool/File Photo

Johnson rejected the criticism as “completely untrue”, saying the Queen’s Speech would give him the chance to set out his domestic program while allowing ample time for discussion of Brexit in parliament.


It is used by the government to lay out plans for the coming year. It typically lists the main priorities and legislation the government aims to pass.

Queen Elizabeth reads the speech, written by the government. It is the highlight of a day of elaborate ceremony, known as the state opening of parliament, which marks the beginning of a new parliamentary session.


On the surface, no.

Typically, a Queen’s Speech is held every year. Johnson is a new prime minister, who took over from Theresa May in July, and so would be expected to have his own legislative priorities.

Because of the volume of legislation that was anticipated ahead of Brexit, the current parliamentary session has lasted more than two years. The last Queen’s Speech was in 2017.

The government says a new program is overdue.

Parliament is normally suspended for a few days ahead of a Queen’s Speech. In recent years this suspension has lasted for between five and 20 days.


Because of the timing.

Britain is weeks away from making its most important strategic decision in decades over how, and even whether, it leaves the EU.

The decision to hold the Queen’s Speech on Oct. 14 shaves several days off an already small number of parliamentary sittings before Oct. 31 - the Brexit deadline.

Johnson says he wants to leave the EU with an exit deal to smooth the transition, but if he can’t get one, he’ll leave anyway.

A narrow majority of lawmakers have shown they do not want a no-deal exit and are hoping to use parliamentary procedures to stop Johnson and force him to request extra time from the EU.


Parliament returns from its summer break on Sept. 3 and sits for at least a week.

The government has said it will begin procedures to start the suspension on Sept. 9. The last sitting day before the Queen’s Speech is expected to be shortly after that, but has not yet been confirmed.

This gives those opposed to a no-deal Brexit just a few days to get their plans in motion.

On Oct. 14 the Queen will formally re-open parliament and deliver the speech. This will be followed by a debate lasting several days on the contents of the speech and culminating in votes on Oct. 21 and Oct. 22.

Winning these votes will be a crucial test of Johnson’s ability to govern.

However, if he loses and his government is subsequently toppled by a vote of no confidence, he would have scope to delay his resignation and a new election until after Oct. 31.

Between the speech being delivered and the votes upon it, Johnson will travel to Brussels in search of a last-minute, renegotiated exit deal. The summit takes place on Oct. 17-18.

Reporting by William James; Editing by Janet Lawrence