Canada GDP in April fell a record 11% as COVID-19 shutters economy

OTTAWA (Reuters) - Canada’s growth in April plunged a record 11% from March as businesses shut down to fight the coronavirus, Statistics Canada said in a flash estimate on Friday, and analysts said it was unclear how quickly the economy would recover.

FILE PHOTO: A view of Yonge and Dundas Square, as the number of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases continue to grow in Toronto, Ontario, Canada April 8, 2020. REUTERS/Carlos Osorio

Gross domestic product in March fell by 7.2% from February, the most severe month-on-month plunge ever, although the decline was less than the 9% predicted by analysts. Statscan said the March and April decreases were likely the largest-ever consecutive monthly declines.

First-quarter annualized growth sank by 8.2% - the most since the 8.7% first-quarter decline in 2009, during the depths of the great recession. Analysts had expected a 10% drop. Market watchers expect second-quarter data to be worse.

In recent weeks, most of Canada’s 10 provinces have taken measures to reopen slowly.

“The big question is how fast can the recovery be and there are wide uncertainty bands around how fast that can be, and that depends not just on economics but also on the spread of the virus,” said Nathan Janzen, senior economist at the Royal Bank of Canada.

Related Coverage

First-quarter household spending dropped a record 2.3%, as consumers stayed away from auto show rooms, clothing and footwear stores.

Andrew Kelvin, chief strategist at TD Securities, said the data “just doesn’t offer us any insight” as to how fast the economy might rebound.

The Canadian dollar weakened to C$1.3778 to the greenback, or 72.60 U.S. cents.

In response to the crisis, the Bank of Canada has slashed its key overnight interest rate to a record low and launched its first-ever, large-scale bond-buying program.

“Whether the economy declines 5%, 6%, 7% or 8% this year, it’s still an extremely challenging backdrop that’s going to require a lot of support from both monetary and fiscal policy,” said Doug Porter, chief economist at the Bank of Montreal.

Additional reporting by David Ljunggren in Ottawa and Fergal Smith, Moira Warburton and Nichola Saminather in Toronto; Editing by Nick Zieminski and Dan Grebler