Factbox: History of the Cannes film festival

(Reuters) - The Cannes film festival, which begins on May 11, is expected to be a splashier affair this year than last, when financing woes for smaller productions and the lack of major stars cast a shadow over the event.

Director Apichatpong Weerasethakul (2nd R) pose with director Lee Chang-dong (R), actor Javier Bardem (3rd R), director Mathieu Amalric(3rd L), director Mahamat-Saleh Haroun and actress Juliette Binoche (L) after winning the Palme d'Or award for the film Lung Boonmee Raluek Chat (Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall his Past Lives) during the award ceremony of the 63rd Cannes Film Festival May 23, 2010. REUTERS/Eric Gaillard

Here are some facts about the Cannes film festival:


-- Originally conceived in 1939 as an alternative to the then-Fascist-influenced Venice film festival, Cannes has been held annually since 1946 apart from 1948 and 1950, when lack of funds led to the cancellation of the event.

-- In 1949 the stars started coming: Tyrone Power, Orson Welles, Norma Shearer, Errol Flynn and Edward G. Robinson all appeared that year. Brigitte Bardot made her first appearance in 1953.

-- A year later, starlet Simone Silva dropped her bikini top beside Robert Mitchum in front of the photographers, resulting in the kind of racy coverage that secured the festival’s reputation.

-- In 1960, the first Cannes Market opened its doors to some 10 participants and one screen -- a canvas hung from the roof of the old Palais Croisette. It quickly became a major meeting point for buyers and sellers from all over the world.

-- In 1968 film director Louis Malle, who was on that year’s jury with Roman Polanski among others, was one of a group of film-makers who forced the festival to close in the midst of the student and worker uprisings across France. After an all-night debate marked by raging tempers and occasional fistfights, the organizers called it off.

-- Jane Campion became the first female director to win the Palme d’Or in 1993 for her film “The Piano.”

-- In 1997 a “Palme des Palmes” -- a super-version of the Palme d’Or best film prize -- was awarded to Ingmar Bergman for the 50th festival. The Swedish director did not appear. -- In 2004 an actors masterclass (Lecon d’acteur) was created and inaugurated by Max Von Sydow.


-- Thai film “Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives,” one of 19 entries in competition, took the coveted Palme d’Or for best picture, delighting some critics but angering others.

“‘Uncle Boonmee’, Palm of Boredom” was one headline in French daily Le Figaro, which called the slow-paced examination of reincarnation by Thai director Apichatpong Weerasethakul “dull, incomprehensible and hallucinatory.”

-- “Of Gods and Men,” by French filmmaker Xavier Beauvois, won the runner-up prize and would have been a popular winner.

-- The meditative re-telling of the murder of seven Trappist monks caught up in civil unrest in Algeria during the 1990s had won almost universal praise for its restrained examination of belief, courage and religious tolerance.

Sources: Reuters/here

Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit