SHANGHAI (Reuters) - Corporate China’s hedging activities spiked over the past two years as the Sino-U.S. trade war and a slowing economy prompted companies to embrace the country’s rapidly growing derivative market to reduce uncertainty, data shows.
The number of China-listed companies using hedging tools such as futures and options to limit market risks exceeded 500 at end-2019, up 43% from two years ago, public data gleaned by risk-management consultancy D-Union shows.
Still, they account for just 13% of China’s nearly 4,000 publicly-traded companies. In the United States, roughly 80% of S&P 500 companies regularly engage in hedging activities.
The rapidly changing geo-political climate is pressing Chinese companies to better manage risks, said Liu Wencai, D-Union’s founder. China’s deregulation of its financial market is also fuelling demand for risk-hedging, Liu added.
“Over the past year, we’ve seen huge foreign inflows into China’s bond and stock market, and that will also boost demand for financial derivative tools,” Liu said.
Risk hedging was unnecessary when the government determined the prices of most resources, but that has changed with Beijing allowing market forces to play a bigger role in setting the prices of bonds, stocks, commodities and currency.
Big companies, defined by D-Union as those with revenues exceeding 1 billion yuan ($144 million), are the dominant users of hedging tools.
Hedging practices are also more popular among sectors most vulnerable to volatility in resource prices or world trade conditions, such as chemicals and electronics, the data shows.
U.S. President Donald Trump launched a tariff war against China in July, 2018, roiling financial and commodity markets, while dealing a blow to China’s economy. China’s GDP growth slowed to a 30-year-low in 2019.
Relations between the world’s two largest economies are, however, showing signs of improvement, with a Phase 1 trade pact between them expected to be signed on Jan. 15.
Corporate China’s hedging activities have also been buoyed by a boom in derivative innovation, Liu said.
China launched new products at a record pace in 2019, rolling out over a dozen derivative tools, including Urea futures, iron ore options and gold options.
As global index publishers such as MSCI and FTSE Russell include Chinese stocks or bonds in their benchmarks, foreign investors are pressing for more hedging tools in China.
China has said it will start trial trading in interest rate options next month to meet risk-management demand in an increasingly liberalized interest rate market.
($1 = 6.9679 Chinese yuan)
Reporting by Samuel Shen and Andrew Galbraith; Editing by Himani Sarkar