BEIJING (Reuters) - China has agreed to speed up the delivery of 50 fighter jets to Pakistan, a Pakistani government minister confirmed on Friday, as Islamabad tries to deepen ties with Beijing as an alternative to increasingly fragile relations with the United States.
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani has been holding talks with Chinese leaders during a visit that comes as ties with the U.S. have faltered after the killing of Osama bin Laden in Pakistan this month.
Pakistan’s Defense Minister Ahmad Mukhtar told media that his country was aiming to receive “50 aircraft in six months” from China at between $20 million and $25 million per aircraft.
As the pressure mounts in Washington, Gilani has courted “best friend” China, its biggest arms supplier, during the four-day visit that ended on Friday.
Pakistan’s already strained ties with the U.S., a major donor, were battered after U.S. forces on May 2 killed al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in a garrison town near Islamabad.
The fact that bin Laden was found in Abbottabad, and had been living there for years, has prompted many in Washington to call for a review of the billions of U.S. civilian and military aid that Pakistan receives.
The Wall Street Journal originally quoted an unnamed high-ranking Pakistani Air Force spokesman, in Beijing with Gilani, as saying the jointly developed JF-17 jets would be in addition to another batch of the same aircraft that is currently being assembled in Pakistan.
The JF-17 “Thunder” program dates back to 1999 and is aimed at reducing Pakistan’s dependence on Western companies for advanced fighters.
The jets are a single-engine, multi-role combat aircraft, that Mukhtar said are being jointly produced between China and Pakistan.
“There was a loan given for starting the manufacturing of this because the Chinese will also buy these aircraft,” he said on Chinese financing for the order.
The Pakistani Air Force has ordered 150 “Thunders,” which it may increase to 250. The 50 mentioned in the report are likely part of the larger order.
In February 2010, Pakistan fielded its first JF-17 squadron with 14 aircraft.
The close ties between China and Pakistan reflect long-standing shared wariness of their common neighbor, India, and a desire to hedge against U.S. influence across the region.
Stronger Defense links between China and Pakistan worry India, which sees China’s backing for Pakistan as an attempt by Beijing to block India’s rise by backing hostile neighbors and pinning India down in conflicts in South Asia.
“It is a matter of serious concern for us,” Indian Defense minister A.K. Antony was quoted as saying by the Press Trust of India. “The main thing is, we have to increase our capability, that is the only answer.”
Premier Wen Jiabao assured Gilani on Wednesday of China’s “all-weather friendship” and said Pakistan had made “huge sacrifices” in the international struggle against terrorism.
“China reaffirms that Pakistan’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity should be completely respected, and Pakistan’s efforts to advance south Asia’s peace and stability should be acknowledged and supported,” a joint statement issued on Friday after Gilani’s meeting with President Hu Jintao said.
The statement, a reiteration of pledges made early in Gilani’s visit, also said China and Pakistan were united in opposing terrorism and separatism.
Those comments contrasted sharply with some criticism in the U.S. of Pakistan’s failure to know bin Laden’s whereabouts.
For its part, Pakistan is furious at the U.S. for violating its sovereignty by staging the secret raid that killed the world’s most wanted man.
Additional reporting by Miral Fahmy in Singapore and C.J. Kuncheria in New Delhi; Editing by Daniel Magnowski