SHANGHAI (Reuters) - China will postpone the expansion of a pilot program to implement a property tax, the official China Securities Journal reported, citing anonymous official sources, who added that Beijing intends to keep a tight lid on the property market through other means in tier 1 cities.
The officials were quoted as saying the market was not yet mature enough for wider implementation of the tax, citing the general complexity of the residential housing market, the lack of clarity regarding property rights and technical issues as reasons for the delay.
The report marks a step away from a statement by an official from the State Administration of Taxation last September that suggested the program was about to be expanded beyond its original sites of Shanghai and Chongqing in order to cool rising property prices.
The move to extend property taxes beyond the current pilot cities has been cited by analysts as likely to restrain recovery in the property market this year, along with any new measures the government might introduce to curb rising home prices.
“The real concern for the market this year is the new tools that might be used by the central government, such as raising transaction taxes,” said Luo Yu, a property analyst with CEBM in Shanghai.
Beijing might tighten mortgage policies for second-home buyers or increase personal income taxes on transactions of second-hand homes in tier 1 cities, the paper said.
China’s Premier Wen Jiabao said in mid-January property tax reforms would be accelerated.
The Chinese property share index .SSEP declined 0.01 percent in Friday morning along with the wider market after official data showed China’s manufacturing activity moderated in January.
China’s national property tax plan is designed to unify an array of property-related taxes and replace restrictions on multiple and speculative home purchases, introduced in response to a 10-fold surge in property prices over the past decade.
Administrative measures restricting mortgages and otherwise targeting speculative behavior caused housing prices to decline for part of 2012, as Beijing attempted to rein in destabilizing consumer price inflation, but the property market has shown signs of reheating in recent months.
The risk that inflationary pressure might increase in 2013 has caused some economists to predict that Beijing will need to tighten monetary policy later in the year, after easing in 2012.
The decision to hold off on expanding the pilot would mark a setback in efforts to wean local governments from what many economists see as unsustainable reliance on land sales revenue.
Because property is not directly taxed after sale, experts say local governments continuously seek to sell new property to meet budgetary commitments and to invest in infrastructure projects that generate positive GDP figures, which are considered key to secure promotions.
This has led to a widespread and unpopular practice of forcing residents to relocate from existing developments so the property can be resold to property developers.
At the same time, the low cost of buying and holding property makes it easier for developers to hold that property off the market in hope of further appreciation, and also means there is less economic incentive to rent out empty units.
The result has been an explosion in rents that has cut into the incomes of lower- and middle-class Chinese citizens unable to afford to buy a home.
The government should continue to explore other tools, including other forms of taxation, to regulate the market, Friday’s report said.
Reporting by Pete Sweeney, and Xiaoyi Shao in Beijing; Editing by Edmund Klamann & Kim Coghill