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Environment

FACTBOX-The world's top 25 greenhouse gas emitters

(Reuters) - More than 160 countries resume ongoing U.N.-led, climate talks in the next two weeks in Bonn, Germany, to agree a new global climate deal to come into force after the first round of the Kyoto Protocol ends in 2012.

Governments have committed to get a deal by the end of 2009.

The main sticking point is sharing the cost of re-deploying the world’s energy system away from fossil fuels and deciding how soon emerging economies must adopt binding caps on greenhouse gases.

Kyoto commits some 37 industrialized countries to caps between 2008 and 2012, especially on emissions of the planet-warming gas carbon dioxide, produced from burning fossil fuels.

Global greenhouse gas emissions are rising every year, especially because rapid economic growth in China and India is fuelling massive demand for energy from burning high carbon-emitting coal.

Following is a table showing the world’s top 25 emitters, ranked according to 2000 emissions of greenhouse gases in millions of tonnes (mT) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

Analysts say China may have overtaken the United States in 2007 as the world’s top carbon emitter. U.S. and European Union emissions of greenhouse gases fell in 2006.

Industrialized countries have to submit data annually to the United Nations to show their progress under Kyoto to cut greenhouse gases compared to a 1990 baseline.

For a related table on Kyoto targets double-click here

2000 1990 2006 2006/05 2006/1990

mT CO2e mT CO2e mT CO2e PCT PCT 1. United States 6,928 6,135 7,017 -1.3 +14.4 2. EU-27 5,067 5,573 5,159 -0.3 -7.4 3. China 4,938 N/A 4. Russia 1,915 3,326 2,190 +3.1 -34.2 5. India 1,884 N/A 6. Japan 1,317 1,272 1,340 -1.3 +5.4 7. Germany 1,009 1,228 1,005 +0.0 -18.5 8. Brazil 851 N/A 9. Canada 680 592 721 -1.8 +21.7 10. United Kingdom 654 769 653 -0.5 -16.0 11. Italy 531 517 568 -1.7 +9.9 12. South Korea 521 N/A 13. France 513 564 541 -2.5 -4.0 14. Mexico 512 N/A 15. Indonesia 503 N/A 16. Australia 491 N/A 17. Ukraine 482 922 443 +4.1 -51.9 18. Iran 480 N/A 19. South Africa 417 N/A 20. Spain 381 288 433 -1.7 +49.5 21. Poland 381 455 417 +3.6 -26.0 22. Turkey 355 N/A 23. Saudi Arabia 341 N/A 24. Argentina 289 N/A 25. Pakistan 285 N/A

SOURCES

* 2000 data are taken from the World Resources Institute

* All other data are taken from industrialized nation submissions to the United Nations.

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