November 23, 2018 / 4:40 PM / 21 days ago

Congo's Tshisekedi and Kamerhe form presidential pact

NAIROBI (Reuters) - Congolese presidential candidates Felix Tshisekedi and Vital Kamerhe joined forces on Friday to take on the preferred successor of incumbent Joseph Kabila in the Dec. 23 election.

Vital Kamerhe (L), leader of the Union for the Congolese Nation (UNC) party and Felix Tshisekedi, leader of Congolese main opposition, the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS) party, embrace at a news conference ahead of the Presidential elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in Nairobi, Kenya November 23, 2018. REUTERS/Baz Ratner

Tshisekedi, 55, the president of Congo’s largest opposition party, the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), said he would select Kamerhe as his prime minister if he wins the vote. In return, he would back a candidate from Kamerhe’s Union for the Congolese Nation (UNC) party in the 2023 presidential election.

“I decide today to support Mr. Tshisekedi as the president of Congo,” Kamerhe said at a joint news conference with Tshisekedi in Nairobi to cheers from supporters. “This is the winning ticket.”

Tshisekedi and Kamerhe, 59, had agreed on Nov. 11 to support businessman Martin Fayulu in the election against former interior minister Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, who is backed by Kabila.

It was a rare moment of unity for Democratic Republic of Congo’s splintered opposition, whose infighting in recent years has often played into the hands of Kabila.

However, Tshisekedi and Kamerhe withdrew from the deal the next day after scores of Congolese opposition supporters demonstrated in the capital Kinshasa against the choice of former Exxon Mobil manager Fayulu.

Other opposition leaders, including two whose presidential candidacies were rejected by the constitutional court, continue to back Fayulu, weakening their chances of beating Shadary.

An opinion poll in October showed opposition leaders were favoured by about 70 percent of voters but Fayulu trailed his rivals on eight percent.

Tshisekedi led with 36 percent ahead of Kamerhe (17 percent) and Shadary (16 percent).

PEACE AND SECURITY

Western governments and investors regard the election, which could lead to the Central African country’s first ever democratic transfer of power, as crucial toward ending political instability that is impeding investment in Congo. The country of 80 million people is rich in natural resources but mired in humanitarian crises.

“One of our main priorities will be to restore peace and security, mostly to the eastern part of the country,” Tshisekedi said at the news conference.

Kabila has ruled since his father was assassinated in 2001 with elections meant to have happened before his mandate expired in 2016.

The delays have left many doubting it would ever take place. Questions remain over how it will be conducted.

Congo’s influential conference of Catholic bishops warned this week that an Ebola epidemic and clashes with rebel militia in eastern Congo could threaten the validity of the vote.

“We must do everything to avoid a parody of an election whose results would not be accepted and which would, moreover, plunge our country into violence,” the National Episcopal Conference of Congo (CENCO) said in a statement.

Presidential elections in 2006 and 2011 were marred by accusations of fraud and violence after the results were announced.

CENCO also questioned the use of a new electronic voting system, which the opposition says is more vulnerable to vote-rigging than paper and ink and could be compromised by the unreliability of Congo’s power supply.

To ensure the electoral results stand up to scrutiny, the electoral commission must make sure ballots are counted manually after they are printed by the machines, CENCO said.

Writing by Alessandra Prentice and Aaron Ross. Editing by Patrick Johnston

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