(Reuters) - The World Health Organisation (WHO) published the first global report on Wednesday on the state of chronic, or non-communicable, diseases worldwide.
These illnesses, which include cancer, heart disease, diabetes and respiratory conditions, accounted for 36 million, or 63 percent, of the 57 million deaths worldwide in 2008.
But the WHO said many of these deaths could be prevented if policymakers channeled resources into the following areas — measures it defines as its top 10 “best buys” for reducing rates of chronic disease.
* Protecting people from tobacco smoke and banning smoking in public places;
* Warning about the dangers of tobacco use;
* Enforcing bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and
* Raising taxes on tobacco;
* Restricting access to retailed alcohol;
* Enforcing bans on alcohol advertising;
* Raising taxes on alcohol;
* Reduce salt intake and salt content of food;
* Replacing trans-fat in food with polyunsaturated fat;
* Promoting public awareness about diet and physical activity, including through mass media.
SOURCE: WHO global status report on non-communicable diseases
Compiled by Kate Kelland